ROCOR (Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia?) All these different names and titles for Orthodox churches! My Church is the Russian Orthodox church in exile. Can someone tell me if this is the same as ROCOR?
Yes and no.
The Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia and the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad are one and the same jurisdiction. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Their website is here
ROCOR/ROCA used to call itself the Russian Orthodox Church in Exile. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š However, it no longer uses this name.
That name has now been adopted by a group that has broken away from ROCOR because of the developing relationship with the Moscpw Patriarchate. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š This breakaway group has a website here
and there is an article about them here
. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š To my knowledge, they have no presence in Britain.
Speaking of which, this problem about the relationship between OCA and ROCA should ROCA be granted autocephaly by the MP is purely an American issue, as is this business of being in or out of SCOBA. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š For those of us on this side of the pond, if ROCA is granted autocephaly by the MP, then the only two Russian jurisdictions that will be here will be the MP and ROCA. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š In Britain, we have ROCA, an Antiochian Deanery, a Greek Diocese under the EP, and a diocese of the MP. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š We have no autocephalous church in Britain, so there is no question of who is treading on whose toes as there is in America. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š The issue that needs to be sorted out here is simply one of mutual recognition and a remedying of the canonical mess that exists with regard to jurisdictional overlap. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š What we ideally need is an autocephalous Orthodox Church of Britain, with a bishop with his see specifically in britain (perhaps we could restore one of the long-vacant ancient Orthodox bishoprics of Richmond or Beverley, which existed before the schism).
So if ROCA is granted autocephaly, the then situation in Britain will be that:
From the MP perspective:
- EP, Antioch and MP will all be in full communion with each other.
- MP and ROCA will be in full communion with each other.
- ROCA will be in impaired communion (laity may receive the sacraments but clergy may not concelebrate*) with the EP and Antioch.
They'll be in full communion with all other Orthodox jurisdictions in Britain.From the Antiochian perspective:
They'll be in full communion with the EP and the MP and in a state of impaired communion* with ROCA.
The impediment to ROCA being fully recognised by Antioch is that ROCA is currently in a questionable state of canonicity. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š This will be remedied when it submits to the MP. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š There is a possibility that Antioch's position with regard to ROCA may be reviewed at some point in the future.From the EP perspective:
They'll be in full communion with the MP and Antioch, and in a state of impaired communion* with ROCA.
Their issue with ROCA is that they are unlikely to recognise any autocephalous church in Britain not granted autocephaly by the EP.From the ROCA perspective:
They'll be in full communion with the MP.
They'll be in a state of impaired communion* with the EP and Antioch because of the Calendar and perceived ecumenism.
So those are the issues that will need to be worked through, but most of them are not insurmountable, perhaps especially the Calendar question. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š It seems odd to me that ROCA objects to full communion with Antioch because it is on the New Calendar, when it is happy to be in comunion with the MP, which also permits use of the New Calendar. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š It seems to me, in my uninformed state, that if it isn't a big problem to be in communion with one New Calendar jurisdiction, then it shouldn't be too much of an obstacle to overcome to be in communion with another.
I pray for the day when we have a truly Orthodox autocephalous church in the British Isles. ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š We have many Saints from these isles who are largely forgotten in the wider Orthodox world - too many to make their efforts in vain.