Author Topic: One Divine Will Incarnate?  (Read 410 times)

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Offline rakovsky

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One Divine Will Incarnate?
« on: April 04, 2016, 06:58:22 PM »
Quote
minasoliman
March 2015 edited March 2015
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The Palamite distinction is a logical outcome of Chalcedonian Christology.  In the sixth imperial council, the council that condemned Monotheletism and exonerated Maximus the Confessor, they took the logical conclusion of "two natures" and furthered that approach to confess "two wills" and "two energies".  So now, instead of defining "two natures" as "two essences", Christ now has "two natures", each nature (and in fact all "nature") is made up of "essence, will, and energy". 

After the East/West divide, Thomas Aquinas defined the essence of God as "pure act", which is will and energy (so a "theoretical" distinction), and so he would mention the idea of theosis as partaking of the divine nature/essence.  Gregory Palamas defined the nature of God as made up of "essence and energy/will", two modes of His divine nature, fully present in each, and yet a "real" distinction, and so partaking of the divine nature through the energetic mode.

Miaphysis maintained that Christ is not only one nature incarnate, but one divine will incarnate, and one divine energy incarnate. This is so that we have the divine nature fully dwell in us and fill every fiber our being so that we may also reveal to others the divine will, and subsequently we become divine.  Miaphysis maintains a certain practicality without going into depth explanation of terminology.  Does that mean all human properties in Christ (and in us) are destroyed or done away with?  Absolutely not!  Does that also mean we become co-essential or equal to the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit!  Absolutely not!  If our goal is to be one with Him, it is impossible to say we are co-essential with Him, and we take for granted that we are not absorbed into Him so as to lose our very own essence.  And this is the problem with EOs.  They want concrete explanations to everything experiential, to count up all the properties, and total number of this counting becomes dogma.  Otherwise, we somehow are accused of some sort of docetic heresy.  Theosis for us is oneness with God, God made humanity one with Him that we may also be one with Him and that we all may be one with one another.  "One" is not a number, but a mode of existence we strive for.  We avoid terminologies of distinction to stress this oneness, which is why you might find us very much comfortable with the idea that the divinity is united to all of humanity through Christ, as St. Severus in his 10th homily on the Epiphany:
http://tasbeha.org/community/discussion/15575/st-gregory-palamas-theology
Hello, Mina!

I thought you did a fine job describing Aquinas' use of the term will as part of an activity involving nature and essence. For the underlined part, when you say "Christ is ...one divine will incarnate", did you have in mind a will that was both divine and human, due to the incarnation?
The ocean, infinite to men, and the worlds beyond it, are directed by the same ordinances of the Lord. ~ I Clement 20