Author Topic: Did the Vikings go to Nova Scotia and Maine?  (Read 959 times)

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Offline rakovsky

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Did the Vikings go to Nova Scotia and Maine?
« on: September 08, 2015, 05:55:03 AM »
A viking settlement was found in Newfoundland dating to the 11th century, and it had some artifacts like butternuts that suggested that the Vikings went farther south.
Butternuts and worked pieces of butternut wood-a tree that was not native to Newfoundland but was present one thousand years ago in northern Nova Scotia and New Brunswick-were also found. This discovery indicates that the people who lived at L'Anse aux Meadows had traveled further south into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and had brought back nuts and wood native to those southern areas and were sampling the region's resources as described in the sagas. These finds suggest that the L'Anse aux Meadows site was a base-camp or gateway to the rich lands around the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which is likely the Vinland of the sagas.

Butternuts grow in hardwood forests and require a long and warm growing season. They have never grown in Newfoundland. The nearest place they occur wild is northeastern New Brunswick. They also grow in the St. Lawrence Valley as far east as St. Paul’s Bay east of Quebec City. They are not native to either Prince Edward Island or Nova Scotia although some have been planted there in modern times.

There was also a Norse penny from about the 11th century found at Brooklin on the southern coast of Maine:

The Micmac Indians have legends about the viking visit and you can see the Micmacs' homeland here:

The sagas also refer often to salmon, which was also prevalent in New Brunswick, as were those most talked about “land of wine” Vinland grapes (aka vitis riparia, or riverbank grapes), which botanists say are not native to P.E.I. or Nova Scotia.

That being said, eastern New Brunswick is thought to be the Hop, or Hope, which was the summer settlement in the south that was described in the Vinland Sagas.

“To me everything points to that Vinland is the coastal area surrounding the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It would include P.E.I., it would include the north east of Nova Scotia and it would include New Brunswick. That whole area,” Wallace says.

This is pretty interesting, and talks about DNA tests done on Icelanders, showing Amerindian DNA:

American Indian Sailed to Europe With Vikings?
Centuries before Columbus, a Viking-Indian child may have been born in Iceland.

The Inuit, often called Eskimos, carry no version of the variant—a crucial detail, given that Greenland has a native Inuit population.

The Saga of Erik the Red does tell of four Skraeling boys—the Norse term for the American Indians—who were captured by an Icelandic expedition and taken back to Greenland, said Birgitta Wallace, an emeritus archaeologist for Parks Canada who has written extensively about the Norse.

« Last Edit: September 08, 2015, 05:56:37 AM by rakovsky »
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