I don’t think that the two form a good parallel.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š At the dawn of the 21st century, I believe the burden of proof falls upon you to make such an argument.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š I find it amazing that you do not see that the institution of Slavery is not some neutral social-relational vessel that can then be filled with either good or bad behavior.
Considering Millenia of History are on my Side, and in support of your Ideals you can present little more than Enlightenment Philosophy, I would disagree and place the burden of proof on you who Challenge Nearly Every Society, Civilization, and Culture in the History of the World.
It is an untrue, coercive, social relationship that leads to sin.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š What holds it together in practical application are generally sets of philosophical suppositions that are also suspect.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Does the accident of my birth make me inherently inferior to my neighbor?ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Perhaps my culture and/or skin tone?ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Perhaps the decision of the civil powers of my country leads to war and defeat.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Shall I now be chattel to the winner?ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Is this good?ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š One doesn’t get to approve of some theoretical institution of ‘slavery’ and then get to pick or choose what they get to be.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š One great dilemma, and the place where much sin occurs, is in the particulars of who gets enslaved, and for how long.
These elements of inequality are apparent in every society, even our own, though we are all equal in the eyes of God, we are not equal in the Eyes of Men, we never will be. Some will be born with the capacity of being Nobel Prize winning Physicists, others will never have the mental capacity to go beyond Secondary School, and few will not even have the mental capacity to read or write...are we to say that they are equal in our Society? Before God, yes, before the Law, yes, but their opportunities are far from equal. Let us now consider culture, Does one born in the Belgan Congo or Amazon Rainforests have the Same opportunity as one Born in the United States or Western Europe? No, they are naturally disadvantaged because of the culture and country they are born into, the person may be an absolute genius, but never have the opportunity to exploit it. As far as war, Europe fortunately developed a civlized approach to War, resulting in the Geneva Convention, but this is by no means Universal. War is ultimately forcing your will on another by force of arms, the goal of war is to become the master and make the other your slave, to bend them to your will, the enslavement of a vanquished foe is simply an extension of this natural reality.
One should not divorce the theoretical institution from its particular application- unless you have a lot of time to kill in coffee shops.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Right now, I’m typing on company time.
And the Institution must be separated from its abuses. Eating is not sinful, but an abuse of it, gluttony, is. Wealth is not sinful, but an abuse of it is, for Scripture says that the Love of Money is the Root of All evil. Which brings us to Love, which is a Divine Characteristic, but even this can be abused and turned to Sin such as love of Money. St. Paul certainly envisioned the Institution separated form it's abuses in Ephesians vi 5-9 where he said,
Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ; Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart; With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men: Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free. And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.'
To illustrate my point, I'll throw this out for consideration.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Think about the issue of inferiority, and the criteria for slave selection for a second.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Who, and by what criteria, do we get to decide?ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š If it is according to the temporal power you have (which God would have to have permitted), us adherents of the Orthodox faith were historically-and continue at present- to be at a disadvantage.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š My ancestors lived for 500 years under the Ottomans.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Freedom under liberal democracy has treated my kith and kin much better than monarchy, theocracy (remember, not all theocracies are Christian!) or Communism.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Should culture be considered?ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š What then constitutes the criteria for an ‘inferior’ and therefore enslavable culture?
Basically this is just an extension of the 'Do you want to be a slave?' Argument which I have already refuted. The fact that a social situation is undesirable does not inherently make its existance immoral.
Your argument here does not stand.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Christ’s response was to the Centurion’s expression of faith.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š We know now, also, that the Golden Rule as applied rarely in such situations.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Our two millennia of intervening history tell us so.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š
Again, Christ didn’t come to save the carnal man.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š He didn’t come as a social revolutionary.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š However, it seems that wherever civil (and Christian) society has spread, slavery has eventually been suppressed.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š It is the practical outcome of the application of the Golden Rule that allows us such questioning and revision of our societal norms and social relationships.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š
Actually, it is a practical outcome of Enlightenment Philosophy which has little to do with the Christian faith. The reason that Christ did not condemn the slave owner is because it did not occur to him that the Relationship between the Centurion and his Slave was an immoral one...But fortunately as the Students of the Deists, we have grown in Wisdom beyond that of the Son of Man; we can now correct the Mistakes God made while he was on Earth.
The institution as practiced in the Ante-Bellum south was upheld by a vile and sinful racial worldview.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š This puts it into stark contrast to slavery in either the time of the High Empire or of the Late Antique.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š As always, the Devil is in the details.
And slavery in the Old Testament upheld a similar world view, having far more limitations on the enslavement of Jews (generally not permanent and never inherited) than Gentiles (both permanent and inherited). Some of the attudes that arose from certain members of the Said society may have been sinful; however, the social institution was not...or no more so than that which Moses put forth in the Law (The Same Law that first taught us to Love God and our Neighbour).
LOL, you should enter a contest for composing panegyrics!ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š You could give most Byzantine court flunkies a run for their money.
Thank you, I do what I can for God-Beloved Emperors and Empresses.
Like all Panegyrics, you only succeed in expressing hyperbole.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Justinian stood on the shoulders of giants.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š His codification was a monumental work, but was simply an organization and streamlining of the extant corpus of Roman law. (Now, an original, elegant and most superior law document is our Constitution!ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š )ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š He wasn’t that original, nor did he compile it himself.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š That would be like saying that Justinian built (in its literal sense) Hagia Sophia, when we know that its architects were Isidore of Miletus and Anthemios of Tralles.
On top of codifying the Law, which was actually a rewriting of the laws, he also published many volumes of his Novels, written by himself to either amend or alter previous imperial law, which along with his Institutes, Codex, and Digests served as the Basis for Byzantine Law. Furthermore, these Novels and the Codification became the Basis for the Legal Systems throughout most of Europe.
I think, ultimately, that if you look at the balance of the historical record you will see that, while Justinian was a remarkable figure, he was no saint.
The Great Church of Christ would disagree with you, I believe it is on November 14th that Our Pious and God-Beloved Emperor and Empress St. Justinain most August and His wife St. Theodora most August are commemorated.
You also don’t directly address his actions in the Hippodrome that ended the Nike riots.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š He ended that mess with a bloodbath. Thirty thousand killed? Many would also say Theodora was a conniving and manipulative tramp.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š Have you read Procopius?ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š The balance of modern historians on Justinian and Theodora generally don’t extol their moral fibre.ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€š He funded great buildings and churches, had a really good general, but he also bled and weakened the empire through his actions.
But I did address it, it was a Glorious Victory for the Empire over a Rebel Army; a victory in which the insurrectionists reaped the fruits of their rebellion. They had retreated to the Hippodrome, but were unabel to hold it, the Leigons of Faithful Romans under command the Loyal Officers of Emperor assulted their Posistion, and neutralized the defenders. St. Theodora was probably the more influential and powerful Empress until St. Irene ascended the Throne upon the accidental death of her adulterous son, she was an asset to the Reign of St. Justinian and to the Empire as a whole. Modern Historians try to do anything they can to undermine the Eastern Roman Empire, and I have little faith in their assesments; St. Justinian reconquered many lands that the Empire had lost, subjugated the Barbarian Populations, and consolidated the Defences of Empire; as well as being a Great Builder and Lawgiver. Which is why most list him as the Second Greatest Emperor of Christian Rome after St. Constantine the Great.