as posted elsewhere on this forum:
"Now for the America part of the story in brief. There was an Old Catholic Church in America that entered the Orthodox Church via the American Exarchate of the Russian Patriarchal Church (MP). Its leader was Metropolitan William who was named the Exarch of the Western Rite within the MP in the 1960s. This was all accomplished via the MP's American Exarch. Therefore the MP required Metr William to present himself in Moscow. Being during the Soviet era there was suspicion as to this requirement. Metr. William resigned from the MP and led his Church to the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church in Exile under the leadership of Abp Palladios in communion with the EP. Those who know of the history of SCOBA know that Abp Palladios was one of its founders. Under the Ukrainian's spiritual protection, this Western Rite community was granted autocephaly (independence) that was recognized by the EP in 1967. In that same year Metr. William & Abp Palladios consecrated Abp Joseph of San Francisco. Abp Palladios reposed in 1969. In 1973, the EP & Rome declared their mutual recognition, at which time the Orthodox Synod for the Western Rite ceased any communications with the EP. In 1977, the Orthodox Synod for the Western Rite received the former Old Catholic Diocese of Texas and its leader bishop Hilarion was consecrated anew as Archbishop of Texas. You all know him from St. Hilarion Monastery in Austin, Texas. In 1979 Metr. William reposed and Abp Joseph was installed as Chief Hierarch. Archbishop John (a former Roman Catholic Jesuit) was named "locum Tenens" prior to Metr Joseph's repose in 1990. By 1997, what remained of the Orthodox Synod for the Western Rite was Abps John (Eastern USA) and Hilarion (Western USA). It was under Abp John's leadership as locum tenens that they entered the Milan Synod in 1997 and both American Hierarchs were accepted, with correction to their ordinations."