How does the Holy Spirit work in the way truth is arrived at in Christianity? He leads people into all truth as I seem to remember but then isn't that truth then subject to the person delivering it?
It is evident for those who practice the life of "godliness" through many spiritual practices that they live the life of the Holy Spirit. Think of it this way. We all start off like infants in the Christian faith. The Holy Spirit is our "godfather" so to speak, teaching us and caring for us along the way and working through us. As infants we seek nourishment. As children, we learn a bit but still seek nourishment, and undergo some "homework" (prayers, minor fasting exercises, reading the Scriptures). As adults, you comprehend the faith much better, able to take responsibility for the exercises given. We increase in ascetism, and we become emboldened in the care for others in the community and in relationships with our neighbors. Needless to say this doesn't happen as much or as readily seen by the outsider as they used to, but when you read about the Christians of the first 3-4 centuries, you hear of an unusual practice of life that made them stand out from Gentiles and Jews. They were ready to die for their faith like a lamb to the slaughter, silent, in prayer, subdued to the will of God. They didn't die with swords in their hands in the field of battle and call them "martyrs." They died evangelizing with more powerful weapon, the faith!
People who have this self-sacrificial personality and those who live the highest form of asceticism and prayer life (knowing how to pray unceasingly as the Scriptures teaches, not five times a day or seven times a day) are those who we entrust good authority to give us the teachings of the Holy Spirit. Today this personality exists at best with the monastic system we have, but following immediately after Christ, it would seem most Christians lived this tough ascetic lifestyle akin to monastic practices today. We consider many of us here who share with you theological answers to give you what these great spiritual giants have taught us, and not something from our own minds. But we as Christians are encouraged that since we too have the Holy Spirit in us, can so attain this enlightenment through our ascetic practices. Many of us however, though we may be adults physically are still infants in our spirituality.
I think it's important you see the parallel between Adam and Jesus, who we call the "New Adam". If Jesus was born in a different manner than anyone else, it is so that we obtain a new birth and new creation. Of Jesus was a mere man, it's "business as usual." But if the parallel is that He reflects new birth and "new mankind", then He's more than a man. In Him lies the fullness of newness, and the only One who can make us "new" is God.
I've copied all your words to think about and reread.
But this emboldened I will comment on directly. When Jesus (AS) was in the garden and he spoke to the sky and said something like 'not my will but yours be done' ....we have arguments that this is a proof that Jesus (AS) is not at all Allah (SWT) but I remember reading you believe that Jesus (AS) was talking (as the 'New Adam') on behalf of the original Adam. Meaning that the original Adam did his own will.
Is this true? That you believe this way? Or have I total misunderstood it?
In the gospel of John, he talks about Christ as the Logos: "In the beginning was the Logos, and the Logos was with God, and the Logos was God...
...And the Logos became flesh and dwelt among us."
The same chapter where Jesus prays "not my will, but your will" is a profound statement by Christ, who being the Logos became flesh, not merely bones and muscles, but mind, soul, spirit as well, everything that we as humans are except sin. And only God does no sin. Therefore, to say that Jesus is without sin is to call Him God.
In Luke chapter 22, this is where you find the prayer Christ made to the Father. But in the same chapter, we should not ignore the fact that Luke records Jesus giving His disciples the institution of His Body and Blood. Therefore, Jesus pretty much says His humanity is given for us, not for Himself. For Him, He will not fulfill the Passover until the second coming. Until then, He gave them His body and blood.
Later on, Christ promises to bestow upon His disciples eternal kingdoms, just as He has one from the Father. Only God has the power and authority to bestow kingdom, thus, Jesus is making Himself on par with the Father's authority. He could have said "my Father will make kingdoms for you and will make you judge the 12 tribes of Israel." No, He said "I
" will make kingdoms for you. That is the key issue here.
When Jesus was captured by Jewish officers after Judas's betrayal, Christ stopped His disciples from fighting with swords, and Jesus healed the ear of one of the officers arresting him that was cut off by the sword. One can say, logically, Jesus could have defended himself like a warrior as previous prophets had. But now Jesus fulfills the commandment to love even our enemies, and shows us the example of healing the ear. Since Jesus did not pick up a sword, but taught us the value of trying to love our persecutors, this type of clemency can only exist with God, to the point where anyone afterwords who claims to preach God's message and fights as a warrior is not to be trusted as a messenger of God.
And finally at the end of chapter 22, Christ confesses to the Sanhedrin that He is the Son of God.
Therefore, you need to give the Scriptures the courtesy of not taking things out of context. Yes, He prayed to the Father "not my will", but He did so with human tendencies, on behalf of all humanity. God blesses our natural human fear of death in Himself, when He took flesh. The Old Adam would have ran away from persecution, would have contradicted the will of God, would have maybe picked up a sword to fight and shed blood, but the New Adam, faced the natural human fear all mankind share, conquered it for us, condemned any of His disciples who picked up swords, and gave His life willingly and without struggle as a sacrifice for all mankind.