I think Romans 13 is often misinterpreted. I do not believe that God is instructing us to support a corrupt government, for it says, "For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong." Often times we find the exact opposite to be true. Therefore, for this to be considered a requirement of us, it would also require that the government in question, hold up their side of the bargain.
As for the "authorities", well, we have many such in our lives. Our government, our police, our boss, our parents, our priests and bishops, etc.
If we were to rebel against all of them, we would be miserable. Therefore, heeding those in authority, especially those in "spiritual" authority over us, is a wonderful piece of advice.
Sometimes, we do not realize we are doing something wrong, and it's good to have someone correct and direct us. Yes, it's painful, or even humiliating, but, in the end, we learn from it and grow.
I know that it stings to be corrected, but, I've been corrected recently and I am grateful to the person who held up that mirror to me, so that I could see what I looked like.
The context however is taxation if you read beyond that line.
From the Jewish tradition:
Honestly, I don't care about Jewish tradition or even the old testament. Are there any writings by Church fathers about this or others that are recognized by the Church?
And so, for instance, does the Church tell it's subjects to support governments that are hellbent on killing Christians? If so then that is a stupid Church. Or do you say, No, we should not pay taxes if they kill Christians, but you should if they kill other people? Or what exactly is the Church's position on unjust rule? Being it also that unjust rule is the norm and hardly the exception to human government.
I find this quote amazing though:
Do not oppose the laws of the state - even unjust ones - unless they are designed to uproot the commandments of God.
So being unjust is not against the commandments of God?