Concerning ROCOR, no matter it was canonical when it comes to Apostolic succession and dogmas, however it was not in communion with any other Church till recently. Its synod was formed without a decision from other churches. This is considered as "uncanonical" ...
We were not in schism nor uncanonical. A temporary anomaly may be a suitable term
The Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, the American Metropolia and the Exarchate in France were all canonically established by Ukase (Decree) 362 issued by Patriarch Saint Tikhon and the Holy Synod of the Church of Russia in November 1920. The Patriarch and Synod instructed the hierarchs who were cut off from the Church by the Revolution to constitute themselves into what the decree terms "Higher Ecclesiastical Administrations." This Decree is the canonical basis for all three "branches" of the Russian Church in the West existing through the decades of Communism.
Decree 362 stipulates that such temporary independence is to continue while there was no possibility of free communication with the Church in Russia.
The Russian refugee bishops were welcomed in Constantinople were they formed their first Synod in Exile. Constantinople accepted that the refugee Russian bishops could organise themselves as a kind of Church in Exile.
In 1922 most of the bishops went from Constantinople to Serbia where they were warmly welcomed by the Serbian Church and also allowed, with the blesssing of the Serbian Patriarch, to have their own Synod and function as a Church in Exile for Russian refugees.The Russian Church Abroad maintained full communion with Constantinople and ALL Orthodox Churches (except Russia) from 1917 until 1968.
Here is proof of this - a facsimile of the Yearbook of the Greek American Archdiocese in 1968 which shows the Russian Church Abroad as being in full communion with Constantinoplehttp://img26.imageshack.us/img26/1386/greekyearbook1968.jpg
After 1968 things went sour - the Russian Church Abroad issued three sharp Encyclicals protesting the excesses of ecumenism. Concelebration ceased but not entirely and no side made any official statements about the rupture. Priests, both Russian and Greek, went on confessing, communing and marrying and burying the faithful of each other's Church.At no time was communion and concelebration interrupted between the Russian Church Abroad and the Patriarchates of Jerusalem and Serbia
. The Russian monasteries in the Holy Land were "staffed" by monks and nuns of the Russian Church Abroad and the Patriarchs of Jerusalem provided them with the necessary antimensia and the monasteries commemorated the Jerusalem Patriarch every day -as they still do of course.
Now of course the whole matter has been resolved by the May 2007 Act of Canonical Communion which united the Russian Church Abroad and the Moscow Patriarchate and made the Russian Church Abroad a semi-autonomous Church of the Church of Russia. Glory to God that the wound inflicted on the Russian Church by the atheistic regime has been healed.