Hello again! I don't think I've ever posted so much in this forum.
I have another question for the Roman Catholics on the board (or others who may know), but I wanted to know canonically what the relationship is in a single man between his being a bishop, his being a monk and him belonging to a monastic order (e.g., Benedictine, Trappist, Dominican, etc.)
In the Orthodox Church, we very strongly follow the rule that a bishop must be a professed monk, which was decided by Ecumenical Council (I think Chalcedon, but maybe Constantinople II). Most churches bylaws also include this requirement, stating that a candidate for bishop must first be tonsured a monk prior to his consecration to the episcopacy. I know that the OCA requires the candidate to be at least a Rassophore monk (i.e., the first professed rank). Other jurisdictions, I believe, require them to be Stavrophore (the next rank of monasticism, generally considered "fully professed", also called the "small schema").
So, my questions are as follows:
1. Does the RCC require its bishops to be professed monastics?
2. Do professed monastics have to belong to a specific religious order? (or rather, are there monks that don't belong to a specific order?)
The reason I ask this is because I was doing some research on Pope Benedict, given the conclave, and I can't find any information about him belonging to a particular monastic order, which makes me wonder if he is a monk, and if so, that means he doesn't belong to a specific order.
Thank you all for sharing your knowledge!