Bummer: Old Time Prophecies of Resurrection were based on theories of Spontaneous Generation?
Wikipedia's article on Spontaneous Generation
Spontaneous generation or equivocal generation is an obsolete principle regarding the origin of life from inanimate matter, which held that this process was a commonplace and everyday occurrence, as distinguished from univocal generation, or reproduction from parent(s). The hypothesis was synthesized by Aristotle, who compiled and expanded the work of prior natural philosophers and the various ancient explanations of the appearance of organisms; it held sway for two millennia. It is generally accepted to have been ultimately disproven in the 19th century by the experiments of Louis Pasteur, expanding upon the experiments of other scientists before him (such as Francesco Redi who had performed similar experiments in the 17th century). Ultimately, it was succeeded by germ theory and cell theory.
The disproof of ongoing spontaneous generation is no longer controversial, now that the life cycles of various life forms have been well documented. However, the question of abiogenesis, how living things originally arose from non-living material, remains relevant today.
Genesis 2:7 says about Adam's creation:And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Similarly, Ezekiel 37 says about Israel's resurrection:Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the Lord.
Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live:
Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord God; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.
So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
So in both cases there is an image of life created out of some dust state.
However, unfortunately, alot of websites say Ezekiel 37 is just about Israel's political restoration.
One such website appears to be: http://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/453/was-ezekiel-37-understood-as-a-prophesy-of-a-literal-resurrection
Admittedly, the website isn't really persuasive, it just makes some quotes from the Talmud on the topic of Ezekiel 37, like "It was truth; it was a parable."
In any case the Talmud explains its proof of the resurrection as follows (from the same website):
There was a Min[heretic] who said to R. Ami: You say that the dead will be restored. Does not the corpse become dust? How, then, can dust be restored? And he told him: I will give you a parable showing to what this thing is similar. A human king said to his servants: Go and build me a palace in such a place, where there is no earth and no water. And they did so: and after it collapsed he commanded the same to build it for him in a place where there was earth and water. And they answered: We cannot do so. And he became angry, saying: When you could build it in such a place where there was no earth and no water, ought you not to be able to build it where they are?
And if you don't believe it, go into a valley and see a mouse, which is half flesh and half earth (it being believed that there is a species of mice developed from earth), and to-morrow it multiplies and becomes all flesh. And should you say that it takes much time till it becomes so, go up into the mountain, and see that to-day you cannot find even one helzun, and on the morrow, after rain, you will find the mountains full of them.