Greetings in that Divine and Most Precious Name of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ!
Protestant Christians emphasize the the cross/the crucifixion of Jesus in the gospel very much.The cross and the the crucification of Jesus means that God was punishing Jesus on cross, and Jesus is saved men from GOd's punishement.
On cross,God laid all the sin of the world on His own son and so Jesus became sin.Since God is holy and rigteouness, he cannot tolerate sin. Thus, He poured out full of wrath on his own son , punish and kill Him. Thus,Jesus took upon himself the wrath and punishment of Father on the cross ,so the believers would not be punished and killed by God.
How do Orthodox Christians understand of the cross and the crucifixion of Jesus?
No, we do not follow the Atonement theory, because it both implies some kind of inferiority of Christ to the Father (which even the Epistles of John discourage) and further overemphasizes punishment rather than forgiveness. In the Orthodox ontology, God forgives humanity from sin out of His love for us. The Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Christ are symbolic actions which symbolize our own daily struggles with sin, and how submission to God's will leads to Grace. What is this submission? Most often, it is repentance, but it also includes almsgiving, helping out our communities, prayer, and fasting. At a very basic level it means accepting the realities of our lives each day as God gives them with a bit of Christian dignity and hope
To be sure, nobody is more devoted or involved in the Cross as are the Orthodox, it saturates every aspect of our lives. If I could sort out a difference, I think that Atonement Christians from the Protestant traditions tend to think of the Cross in the same way they think of the Communion, strictly as a commemoration of a singular event in the past, a simple memorial. In Orthodox, these are symbols of the real spiritual miracles, the Grace of God made substantive and visual so we can help to understand it. These events did happen once in the past, but we do not just remember them, by Grace we are living them daily, just like the Holy Communion is a literal reality through the Spirit. We more than just remember, we are living in that same age.
I see a term 'life-giving cross' in some Orthodoxy website. In what way do the cross give men the life?
How do orthodox christian understand of ' God lays all the of all men on Him (jesus)/ Jesus take upon himself the sin of the world', 'Jesus die for our sin', 'remove the wrath of God through Christ( Roman 5:9 )'??
Like I mentioned to you on another thread, Sin is death. When folks are in sin, spiritual they are dead even if walking around seemingly alive in their bodies. Death is a spiritual reality more so than a physical one. So before the Cross, we are all dead in our sins, separated from Grace. Through the Cross humanity and Grace are fully reunited by this literal intersection between the human and the divine. Now that God has sent His Grace, we are can truly live as we were only really alive in the Garden.