Koran could be refering to some eccentric form of Judaism. Or Christianity for that matter when it's talking about Trinity. Who knows what might have been out there during that time considering that even today World is filled with crazy religions.
Not possible because the verse talks about the Jews in general rather than about some unknown group of the Jews.
A case can be made that since Muhammed didn't know all of the Jews of the World and their various religious views "the Jews" refers to those jews he was aware of. He was (IIRC) just a illiterate salesman and not well versed in comparative religion.
But Muhammed isn't supposed to be the author of the Koran. God is. If there are entirely human errors in the Koran, which was my point, as you suggest then you're agreeing with what Theophilos and I were talking about in the first place re. the misunderstandings of the Trinity and Judaism. I'd really like to see Fibonacci's answer to our posts as I'd like to understand how Muslims deal with this - to me it's the smoking gun that says that the Koran is not the direct word of God. So how do Muslims reconcile the details of the text with their beliefs as to the origin of the text? Or do some Muslims have a different view of the Koran, one where Muhammed is inspired rather than dictated to?
Firstly about the revelations of the quran...
the prophet would get an epileptic seizure....... then when it stops, he would get up, and start talking in a different tone
starting with 'In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful'
this was sign for his companion, that the prophet is about to give out revelation from God, sent to him by Gabriel.... (ie. telling his companions to get out there 'pen and paper')
then he would give out the verse in a poetic fashion, most often the content of the verse was something relevant to what his companions were discussing or asking him
So a lot of people were paying close attention to it, and memorized the message the prophet was delivering. They recorded it all on paper. Then they analyzed all these notes and cross-referenced with people's memories, and made the one quranic text for Muslims to use.
About trinity, the overall message that God is delivering... is that there is only one God. He doesn't have a son, and He doesn't have human/spiritual manifestations, like coming on earth as a human or as a holy ghost. It was just saying that the Messiah was a prophet, not a God. If you don't agree with that, than that's your belief.
Furthermore, it's important to study the origins of Trinity at a deeper level. Because undoubtedly, the Messiah never explicitly mentioned that he's God. For example, when he was being crucified, he said 'My God
, My God
, why have you forsaken Me?'. If he's God, why would he say something like that?
Secondly, some Christians say he's God because he could do miracles. But Moses could do miracles aswell.
Others say it's because he didn't have a human father. But Adam was created without a human mother nor a human father.