Good afternoon. One thing I don't understand:
The theory is that God made a covenant with the Old Israel, which was a nation. However in fact what counts is one's spiritual belonging to the inner community, as Paul says that a Jew is really who is one inwardly by faith. Paul goes on about how the flesh counts for nothing, and the Church understanding is that Paul calls the Church the "Israel of God" in Galatians. It is the true Israel.
How is it then that the Jewish people as a whole still have the covenantal promise extended to them, when so many of them are not part of the Church that made the covenantal promise with God?
God covenanted with Israel to give it salvation, and the Church believes that this was fulfilled with the creation of the Church as the true Israel, and Paul repeats over and over how those of the flesh but not the spirit don't count as the Israel of God. Yet he ends up saying that all Israel will be saved when the nonbelieving Israelites come back into the fold.
Paul says that he has not cast off his people. Why is it so important and guaranteed that the whole nation will get saved, if in fact the covenant and promise were not made to a fleshly nation?
Probably because God's promises are irrevocable.
I am confused. Isn't our teaching that actually the Church is the righteous remnant of Israel, and that God's covenant was really with the true Israel, the Church, and that those who are not of the faith are not really Israelites? How is it then that the covenant would be irrevocable for them, if they weren't Israelites to begin with? The Old Covenant, with its rituals, etc. is no longer in force outside of Christianity, right?
Did God make a covenant with national Israel and that covenant is still around with them?
Or did God make a covenant with Israel, which we consider the righteous Old Testament Church, and since those who never joined the Church are not part of the covenant, they would not be blessed with "irrevocable" benefits?
Israel=the Church=the Ekklesia=the righteous remnant=the Old Testament Church and God made a covenant with it?
And those who are not of faith are not Israelites and their flesh counts for nothing, so how would their future salvation be guaranteed?