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Question: Was Saint Albert really Saint Ailbe or a made-up Saint?  (Voting closes: April 05, 2015, 11:31:02 PM)
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« on: July 10, 2012, 11:31:02 PM »

Sts Peter & Paul Orthodox Church lists St. Albert of Cashel as an Orthodox Saint with a saint's day on January 8. (http://cnyorthodoxchurch.org/files/Bulletin-2012.01.08.pdf)

But was St. Albert really a made-up Saint?

A "Saint of the Day" website about saints reports:
Quote
January 19
Albert of Cashel B (AC)
7th century; feast day formerly January 8. A 12th-century vita describes Saint Albert with the pun: "by race an Angle, in speech an angel' (natione Anglus, conversatione angelus). According to rather unreliable accounts, Saint Albert was an Englishman who labored in or was archbishop of Cashel, Ireland, and afterwards evangelized Bavaria with Saint Erhard. He made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and died shortly after his return to Ratisbon (Regensburg, Germany). Unfortunately, the diocese of Cashel did not exist then, so even his existence is doubted. He is the patron saint of Cashel, Ireland (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, Encyclopedia).
http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0119.shtml

A Catholic Norwegian website comments (Google Translate):
Quote
Even though this probably is a legend, has enough Albert lived, but the true story about him we do not know. It is clear that the diocese of Cashel did not exist at the time he should have lived. The problem with the story is that it places the events in pope Formosus' time (891-96), some 200 years after Erhard's probable lifetime. The new "Martyrologium Romanus" (2001) places Albert in the 900's.

Or perhaps he was really St. Ailbe?

A review of Dagmar O Riain-Raedel's 'The Question of the Pre-Patrician Saints of Munster' says:
Quote
given the challenges to the Munster churches in the late 12th century:
  • 'very fortunately for Cashel,the industrious scriptorium at Regensburg in Germany was prepared to expend much ink on promoting and defending the interests of Munster.'
As an example, we can look at the Life of Saint Albert, who turns out to be Saint Ailbe in Germanic dress:
  • 'About 1150 a monk there [Regensburg] composed the Life of Saint Albert, Archbishop of Cashel, who with his friend Archbishop Erhafd of Armagh, undertook a pilgrimage and ended up in Regensburg, where both found their last resting place. In the Germanic form of his name 'Albert', Ailbe is here firmly connected with the metropolitan see of Cashel.'

Wikipedia comments about this theory:
Quote
Dagmar Ó Riain-Raedel has argued that... promoting Munster saints was anticipated in texts emanating from the Schottenklöster or Irish Benedictine monasteries of southern Germany, whose principal house was at Regensburg. Not only was there a strong Munster presence, but many such texts were written down in recognition of the generous donations received from the kings of Desmond and Thomond... In the mid-12th century, a Life was composed at Regensburg relating the life and miracles of Ailbe, under his German name St Albert. Ó Riain-Raedel connects this to the establishment of Cashel as an archiepiscopal seat in 1111, because it was Ailbe, being the patron saint of the nearby foundation of Emly, who played a key role in advertising its new status.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decl%C3%A1n_of_Ardmore

Wikipedia describes St Ailbe of Emly as follows:
Quote
Honored in: Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church
Feast: 12 September

Saint Ailbe (Irish pronunciation: [ˈalʲvʲə]; also spelled Ailbhe, Elfeis, Ailfyw, Ailvyw, Elveis, Latinized as Albeus...) was a sixth-century Irish bishop... the annals note his death in 528... A tradition held that he went to Rome and was ordained bishop by the Pope.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ailbe_of_Emly



St. Albert of Cashel
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