Likewise, I think color schemes in the Orthodox Church began from Western influence, but are commonly utilized today.
These are the colors for the periods noted in my GOAA parish. (I am responsible to change the altar clothes and other cloths that adorn my church.)
From the day following the After Feast of the Nativity of the Theotokos to November 14th, the day before the beginning of the Christmas Fast: Gold;
Nov. 15th through the After Feast of the Epiphany, Red;
From the After Feast of the Epiphany to the evening of Forgiveness & Meat Fare Sunday, Gold;
From Clean (Pure) Monday, the first day of the Great 40 Day Fast, through Holy and Great Saturday afternoon, Purple;
Pascha through the afternoon of the day before the Feast of the Pentecost, White;
Pentecost Sunday through July 30th, Green;
August 1st through the After Feast of the Nativity of the Theotokos, Blue.