Correct. Is 1st Sunday after 14 Nisan based on the indiction cycles. The whole nonsensical argument that Nicea I decreed that it was first Sunday after vernal equinox holds no water for those of us who know that the decree is not extant and have read the actual reports of the fathers that did have the council's ruling and told us about it. St. Ambrose tells us that the acts of Nicea called the cycle the "nonus decennial." It is also St. Ambrose that tells us that the Nicene decree states that "the 14th moon [of Aviv/Nisan] is not to be set as the day of Resurrection, but rather on the day of the passion of Christ, or on another preceding day, since the celebration of the Resurrection is celebrated on Sunday."
(Epistle XXIII.1). Also the Epistle of St. Cyril of Alexandria to St. Leo (as Rome and Alexandria frequently had rubs in the centuries following Nicea on the exact date): “Let us carefully examine the decree of the Synod in Nicea with regard to its calculation of the fourteen moons of each month of the nineteen-year cycle; for at every synod [since that time], it has been decreed that no Church may do anything at odds with this resolution agreed upon at the Synod of Nicea regarding Pascha”
Except of course that Nisan is the first month of the Jewish Calendar. Jewish months begin on the new moon and Nisan begins on the Spring new moon which makes the 14th of Nisan the first full moon after the Vernal Equinox of the Nothern Hemisphere. So if Pascha is to be the fist Sunday after 14 Nisan it will be the first Sunday after the first full moon atfter the Vernal Equinox of the Northern Hemisphere. The Fathers of Nicea's first concern was to stop the celebration of Pascha on 14 Nisan, regardless of the day of the week and fix it to the Sunday after. The second was to avoid relying on the Jewish calculation of 14 Nisan. Their calculation became scewed and they would some time celebrate Passover before the Vernal Equinox and the Fathers deplored this. It would seem clear then that the actual Veranl Equinox was the reference point for Pascha. That both Churches, East and West, adopted "Paschal Full Moon" tables to predict the future dates for Pascha is a secondary issue and still leaves the difference of using 19 or 84 year cycles but does not detract from the main issue which was to ensure Pascha was celebrated on the Sunday after 14 Nisan and that 14 Nisan be after the Vernal Equinox.
The culprit here is the adherence by the Orthodox to the Julian calendar. The following analysis makes my point I believe:
"According to the Gregorian calendar, Easter falls on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25 from 1753 to 2400. In the Julian calendar, used by some eastern or Orthodox churches, Easter also falls on a Sunday from March 22 to April 25, which in the Gregorian calendar are from April 3 to May 10 from 1753 to 2400.
In 2007 Easter fell on the same date (April 8th) in both calendars when the Julian date was converted to the Gregorian date. This happens in some years, such as 2004, 2010 and 2011."
There is no question that March 21st, as an approximation for the Vernal Equinox, was a good date on the Julian Calendar when this date was picked. It no longer is a good approximation if one continues to use the Julian Calendar. Thus, I do not think that the Orthodox Church is in compliance with the decision of the First Ecumenical Council. Granted the absence of a decree is a problem but there is supposed to be a letter from St Constantine, the convener of the Council, that states what I have said and what Deacon Lance has confirmed. What Podkarpatska cited (the Consultation's Position Paper) is solidly in line with the decision of the Council and should be implemented as soon as possible. It is time that we start conforming to God's time.
I read something today on Yahoo News that makes this whole thing even weirder. From now through the year 2100, the vernal equinox in the northern hemisphere will be on March 20th NS.
The first full moon of spring is usually designated as the Paschal Full Moon or the Paschal Term. Traditionally, Easter is observed on the Sunday after the Paschal Full Moon. If the Paschal Moon occurs on a Sunday, Easter is the following Sunday.
Following these rules, we find that the date of Easter can fall as early as March 22 and as late as April 25. Pope Gregory XIII decreed this in 1582 as part of the Gregorian calendar. So according to the current ecclesiastical rules, Easter Sunday in 2012 is to be celebrated April 8.
Interestingly, these rules also state that the vernal equinox is fixed on March 21, despite the fact that from the years 2008 through 2101, at European longitudes it actually will occur no later than March 20.
Adding additional confusion is that there is also an "ecclesiastical" full moon, determined from ecclesiastical tables, whose date does not necessarily coincide with the "astronomical" full moon, which is based solely on astronomical calculations. In 1981, for example, the full moon occurred on Sunday, April 19, so Easter should have occurred on the following Sunday, April 26. But based on the ecclesiastical full moon, it occurred on the same day of the astronomical full moon, April 19!
Hence, there can sometimes be discrepancies between the ecclesiastical and astronomical versions for dating Easter. In the year 2038, for instance, the equinox will fall on March 20, with a full moon the next day, so astronomically speaking, Easter should fall on March 28 of that year. In reality, however, as mandated by the rules of the church, Easter 2038 will be observed as late as it can possibly come, on April 25. http://news.yahoo.com/moon-affects-date-easter-131202555.html
This whole issue is confusing to the nth degree.