Praise the LORD with harp: sing unto him with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings.
Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs.
The LORD was ready to save me: therefore we will sing my songs to stringed instruments all the days of our life in the house of the LORD.
Buccinate in neomenia tuba
in insignis die solemnitatis vestrae.
In voce exultationis, in voce tubae, cornae exultate
Deo, adiutori nostro.
Jubilemus Deo in cordis et organo,
in timpano et coro.
Cantate et exsultate et psallite sapienter.
G. Gabrieli, from the Psalms of David, Sacrae Symphoniae 1597
Coming from the German Lutheran tradition of music, I have to say that the Orthodox Church is very lacking in its music. Thankfully the Russians have put the extensive and beautiful hymnography of the Church to music that is worthy to the Western ear. Now, if only instrumentation was allowed to fully bring out the beauty of the hymns. The late 1500s and early 1600s were probably the pinical of Church music, with men like Michael Preatorius and Giovani Gabrieli writing. this is what I miss the most about my former Church. The first time that I set foot in a Latin Church for a concert several years after converting to Orthodoxy, I once again heard the sound of the pipe organ. I could not keep from crying. The beauty and power of the instrument along with my longing for it filled me with both joy and sadness. Years later, I put on a recording of the Canzon Septimi e Octavi Toni from the 1597 Sacrae Symphoniae. I instantly fell to my knees to worship God at the opening note of eight Sackbuts. No Orthodox music has ever had this effect on me, although some Russian compositions have come close. To my ears, Byzantine Chant is one step worse than finger nails on a chalk board.
"musical instruments were not used. The pipe, tabret, and harp here associate so intimately with the sensual heathen cults, as well as with the wild revelries and shameless performances of the degenerate theater and circus, it is easy to understand the prejudices against their use in the worship." (Augustine 354 A.D., describing the singing at Alexandria under Athanasius) - St. Augustine
"David formerly sang songs, also today we sing hymns. He had a lyre with lifeless strings, the church has a lyre with living strings. Our tongues are the strings of the lyre with a different tone indeed but much more in accordance with piety. Here there is no need for the cithara, or for stretched strings, or for the plectrum, or for art, or for any instrument; but, if you like, you may yourself become a cithara, mortifying the members of the flesh and making a full harmony of mind and body. For when the flesh no longer lusts against the Spirit, but has submitted to its orders and has been led at length into the best and most admirable path, then will you create a spiritual melody." (Chrysostom, 347-407, Exposition of Psalms 41, (381-398 A.D.) Source Readings in Music History, ed. O. Strunk, W. W. Norton and Co.: New York, 1950, pg. 70.) - St. John Chrysostom
"Leave the pipe to the shepherd, the flute to the men who are in fear of gods and intent on their idol worshipping. Such musical instruments must be excluded from our wingless feasts, for they arc more suited for beasts and for the class of men that is least capable of reason than for men. The Spirit, to purify the divine liturgy from any such unrestrained revelry chants: 'Praise Him with sound of trumpet," for, in fact, at the sound of the trumpet the dead will rise again; praise Him with harp,' for the tongue is a harp of the Lord; 'and with the lute. praise Him.' understanding the mouth as a lute moved by the Spirit as the lute is by the plectrum; 'praise Him with timbal and choir,' that is, the Church awaiting the resurrection of the body in the flesh which is its echo; 'praise Him with strings and organ,' calling our bodies an organ and its sinews strings, for front them the body derives its Coordinated movement, and when touched by the Spirit, gives forth human sounds; 'praise Him on high-sounding cymbals,' which mean the tongue of the mouth which with the movement of the lips, produces words. Then to all mankind He calls out, 'Let every spirit praise the Lord,' because He rules over every spirit He has made. In reality, man is an instrument arc for peace, but these other things, if anyone concerns himself overmuch with them, become instruments of conflict, for inflame the passions. The Etruscans, for example, use the trumpet for war; the Arcadians, the horn; the Sicels, the flute; the Cretans, the lyre; the Lacedemonians, the pipe; the Thracians, the bugle; the Egyptians, the drum; and the Arabs, the cymbal. But as for us, we make use of one instrument alone: only the Word of peace by whom we a homage to God, no longer with ancient harp or trumpet or drum or flute which those trained for war employ." (Clement of Alexandria, 190AD The instructor, Fathers of the church, p. 130)
"Moreover, King David the harpist, whom we mentioned just above, urged us toward the truth and away from idols. So far was he from singing the praises of daemons that they were put to flight by him with the true music; and when Saul was Possessed, David healed him merely by playing the harp. The Lord fashioned man a beautiful, breathing instrument, after His own imaged and assuredly He Himself is an all-harmonious instrument of God, melodious and holy, the wisdom that is above this world, the heavenly Word." … "He who sprang from David and yet was before him, the Word of God, scorned those lifeless instruments of lyre and cithara. By the power of the Holy Spirit He arranged in harmonious order this great world, yes, and the little world of man too, body and soul together; and on this many-voiced instruments of the universe He makes music to God, and sings to the human instrument. "For thou art my harp and my pipe and my temple"(Clement of Alexandria, 185AD, Readings p. 62) - St. Clement of Alexandria
More Orthodox & Non-Orthodox:http://www.bible.ca/H-music.htm
And Russia was sadly, heavily influenced by the Roman Catholics in their musical composition, architecture, iconography etc... Personally, they need to start returning to Orthodox roots and away from Westernization, especially when it comes to disgusting Westernized iconography.