Arian also served under canonical jurisdictions.
Throughout the history of The Church there has always been someone within a canonical jurisdiction teaching errors. One person does not spoil the whole unless such a teacher of errors goes uncorrected by the heirarchy under whom he must be obedient.
Which is the case of the "synod" of Milan. Unnaccepted and unrepetent, they do not give up their pretensions to lawfuly join canonical churches in humility. Like so many other "genuine", "true" "Orthodox", they are just to proud to be part of something, they want to be the head, their own ideological utopias of Western Orthodoxy being more important than anything.
The Synod of Milan is seeking to join the Moscow Patriarchate so I don't see how they "want to be the head" if they are wanting to be under the Moscow Patriarch.
No, This definition refers to two canonical synods in mutual recognition and in unity. Recognition does not make the other canonical. Both must already be canonical. Or a canonical synod may make corrections to another and if they comply then they become also canonical followed by recognition (read: unity).
There is no canonicity out of unit. No schismatic group is canonical. As mentioned below, canonicity is not something you can get from an Orthodox bishop and then run away with it to create your own Orthodoxy. Canonicity is more than legal formality, but a gift of Grace that exists only withing the communion of the Church
But that's just it; we don't think we're schismatic. Certain bishops in Greece, at the time when the new calendar was being introduced in the Greek Church because of ecumenism, ceased commemorating the bishops who accepted the calendar change. And if you read the Ecumenical Patriarch's 1920 encyclical "Unto the Churches of Christ Everywhere" you'll see that it wasn't just because of the calendar that these "Old Calendarists" didn't go along with the other Greek bishops. These Old Calendarists didn't split from the Church, they remained faithful to the Church. And in Russia when the Soviets infiltrated the Russian Church, certain Russian clergymen ceased commemorating the Seargianist clergy and remained faithful to the Church. Both the Old Calendarists and the Russian Catacomb Orthodox were highly persecuted and even martyred for their faith in the Church. But they did not split from anybody; they remained united to the Orthodox Church.
So these bishops didn't just get their orders and run away like a kid stealing ice cream. They received their orders and remained true to the Orthodox Church.
Sadly due to persecutions, historical circumstances, and misunderstandings, the Old Calendarists and Catacomb Orthodox are not all in communion with each other which is not unheard of in the history of the Orthodox Church when a heresy arises (ex. Arian controversy, St. Meletius, and St. Athanasius). But hopefully in time we will hear of more Old Calendarist synods uniting with one another."Many of them follow the bishops of the few Orthodox jurisdicitions that have strong stands against the apostasy of our times: the Catacomb Church of Russia, the Russian Church Outside of Russia, the True Orthodox Christians [Old Calendarists] of Greece. But there are some left in other jurisdictions also, grieving over the ever more evident apostasy of their hierarchs and striving somehow to keep their own Orthodoxy intact;"
- Fr. Seraphim Rose, Orthodoxy and the Religion of the Future
Besides, the orders are a gift of the Church and that exist only *in* the Church. One cannot just get it and run away like a kid stealing an ice-cream and then crying "it's mine, mine, mine". Outside the oasis of the Church in the hot sun of schismatic desert, the ice-cream simply melts away.
That's another way of saying what I said in my last paragraph.