Thank you for the explanation. It caught my atention the fact that there are heretics who have commited graver errors than the Latins and whose baptisms were regarded as valid. http://www.ocados.org/dawn/rebaptism.htm
I take this setting from this article:http://www.oca.org/pages/orth_chri/Publications/TOC/1999/Reception-into-the-Orthodox-Church.html
"The acceptance into the Church should correspond to the reality. What was the individual before? What was his faith and churchly life? Did he consider himself a sinner? Did he believe with his priest and with others in the real transformation of the Holy Gifts? Did he believe in the apostolic laying on of hands? Was and is this laying on of hands, as such, historical? Was the baptism in the name of the Holy Trinity and was water used?"
So what about the protestants, for example, in addition of the denial of eucharist and of grace in baptism, some of them hold a wrapped view of the Trinitystating that the son is not equal to the Father, or that the Holy Spirit is inferior to them (or part of them)?
However history shows that when orthodox and latins are having problems (the invention of Constantinople, the melkite schism, etc) the most close-minded attitudes prevail in orthodoxy (about baptisms), in Russia, the unfortunate acts of proselitism by charismatic pseudo-catholics has caused a serious rupture that could be reflected through re-baptism of latins in the future.
Yes, it would be very interesting to see what Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians, and other Orthodox use to do in this case. I doubt that they receive a Latin with something less than chrismation (and specially now when most young catholics have never been chrismated)
I totally agree with the article, Latin practices about this have not been consistent, specially after Vatican II and recently. In many places, now catholic bishops refuse to administrate chrismation to babies! (so most young people have to ask for that sacrament when they have to get married). In the modern times, when only a few minority of young catholics who wish to enter the Orthodox Church, the general practice would probably be chrismation (the OCA for example).
And about re-baptism, it is also interesting that the Latin Church did rebaptize Orthodox. This is the case of the thpousands of Serbs who were received through Baptism and Chrismation, under the "pastoral care" of Bishop Stepinac, in Croatia.
About Protestants who are received in the Latin Church, it is also interesting that those who follow pre-Vatican II Latin tradition and the old mass, receive protestants by conditional bapstism in some cases.
What is sad is that sometimes the way of reception of converts has been used by both Churches to degradate each other (the rebaptism of serbs in Croatia for example, or the events in Albania with Stepan Drusan)
And this one:http://aggreen.net/guidelines/guide03.html
which is interesting because puts Roman Catholics and "some protestants" in the same place (no matter if protestants do not believe many things and are in graver errors than Roman Catholics): are to be received through chrismation. I suppose it is because the OCA is settled in a nation which is primarily Protestant (could this have smg to do?)
While the non-chalcedonians through confession