So to make sure I understand, the issue of procession is the reason why the trinity works different in Orthodox and RC churches. The Orthodox believe the Father is the origin of the Son and the Spirit, yet they are all one equal being. I guess making the father the first among the equals.
The RC version says that the the Spirit originates from the Father and the Son together, making the Father and the Son tied for the first among equals. (I guess....)
So the Orthodox view is Eternal and the RC is temporal? Or are they both recognized by each church?
Sorry for making this so complicated. If I am wrong again, feel free to ignore me. I may just never understand. All this reading is making my head hurt.
You got it. The Orthodox version also lines up more easily with early Christian and Jewish wording. God (the Father) eternally with his Word and Spirit. The source of the Godhead is the Father.
RC's have tended to focus on the "Divine Essence" being the source of the Godhead. EO believes that Personhood is the foundation of being, and not essence. The RC view has been accused by EO of producing a "fourth person of the trinity"; A "God in Essence" who is the source of, and the ultimate reality of, the Trinity.
Edit: The EO believe that the Holy Spirit proceeds through the Son temporally. The RC's believe that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son in origin.