The Spirit is descended!
I am always amuzed when Ukrainians look at the Rusyn/Carpatho-Russians/Lemko the same way the Ukrainians complain that the Russians look down on the Ukrainians.
Rusyns are Ukrainians. That's my new bumpersticker, or at least Rusyn is a term/idea invented by second generation children of immigrant Ukrainian parents from Galicia.
And here we go again...
The Lemko-Rusyn Republic, founded at the end of WWI.
Kind of ruins your argmument that Rusyn is an immigrant idea, doesn't it?
I try to refrain from using that argument, saving it for the 'two minute drill.' It usually provokes one of two answers:
a.) Gee, I never thought of it that way, you're right, or the always more popular:
b.) It's not like that at all. You don't know what you are talking about!
Either way, it usually ends the discussion.
This got me to thinking-because the issue usually brought up about the Rusyn/Carpatho-Russians/Lemko is their size. Being an existentialist, I start with nations/nationality's that have asserted themselves and been recognized, to find a lowest limit few can deny.
Because of a lot of extraneous issues, I lay aside Vatican City for the moment.
Monaco, with a total area of 2.02 square kilometres (0.77 sq mi), a land border of 5.469 kilometres (3.4 mi) and a coast measuring 3.829 kilometres (2.4 mi), and maritime claims extend to 22.2 kilometres (13.8 mi) for 85 sq. kilometers (33.12 sq mi) of sea, comes next in rank of size. Its population of 35,586 total-Monégasques 7,687, i.e. the nationality in question, and the rest Monacoians, resident expats-is perhaps now the largest it has ever been. As the map shows, it is not isolated:
It has been around since 1297 as its own principality, and since now the French have agreed that it will remain so even if Prince Albert doesnt' do his duty to God and country and sire an heir, will likely remain so. It has not always been independent, being occupied by the
Republic of Genoa April 10, 1301 to September 12, 1331, August 15, 1357 to January 1395, December 19, 1395 to May 11, 1397, November 5, 1402 to June 5, 1419; by the Duchy of Milan October 3, 1436 to November 1436. The French Revolution caused the establishment of a short lived (January 19, 1793 to February 24, 1793) republic, before France annexed it February 24, 1793 and occupied it until May 17, 1814. The Allies occupied it May 17, 1814-June 17, 1814, before the Grimaldi ruling house returned to rule it as a protectorate under the Kingdom of Sardinia, 1815-1861 (when the Kingdom became the new Kingdom of Italy). Since the 155 or so years under occupation occupies only a fifth of its 714 year history, and during that time the same ruling house-except for the 21 year occupation by France,
It uses French as its official language, but Monégasque, having faced extinction in the '70s, now is taught in school and the Prince made an address in it at his coronation. Italian was used as the official language of the protectorate.
The Grimaldis had a larger area, in 1346 taking Menton and Roquebrune in 1355, which they held until the French occupation. After that, the Prince of Monaco had to do homage to the King of Sardinia for them (but not for Monaco) until 1848, when, during a revolution connected with the Italian Risorgimento, they became free cities for two years, before being returned in name to the Prince of Monaco but administered by the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1849 to 1861, when France annexed them by plebisite while recognizing Monaco's independence. So there is a question if it was a personal union, or a "Great Monaco" of sq ki/52 sq mi (the increase being perhaps neglible population wise, as most of them thought of themselves as Genoese or Italian-hence the revolution-but they did outnumber Monaco at 5,844 to 1,200)
But even at that enlarged size, it was smaller than Liechtenstein, a 160.475 sq. ki./61.96 sq. mi. Principality with a comparable history and make up. Liechtenstein also is the smallest nation/nationality that does not have its own language-the 30,778 Liechtensteiners of the total population of 35,789 speak Alemanic (as do all the Swiss Germans) and use Standard German.
The 21 sq ki/8.1 sq mi Republic of Nauru, the smallest republic in the world, had a smaller population when Germany seized the chiefdom in 1888, to stop a civil war which has decimated the population from 1,800 to 900.
It had existed for millenia as a seperate nation, with its own language (which is still spoken by 93% of the 7,572 Naurans who make up 77% of the 9,872 residents (it had been 58%, before 1,500 foreign workers had been repatriated in 2006 when the phosphate, the only resource, was depleted and the nation's trust fund devaluated)) and its own religion, before the Germans Christianitzed it, although it is now the country with the highest Bahá'í population (10%) in the world.
In contrast to the above, at least 55,000 self identify as Rusyns (and it may be as high as 1.2 million of them) in their homeland (the Austria Hungary census showed 244,742 (59.8%)), which covers at least 12,777 km2 (4,933.2 sq mi).