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Author Topic: The Mysteries of the Last Supper and Jesus' Final Days  (Read 384 times) Average Rating: 0
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Jetavan
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« on: April 20, 2011, 10:13:48 PM »

Colin Humphreys argues that Holy Thursday, on which Christians celebrate the Last Supper, should actually be celebrated on Wednesday.

Quote
Matthew, Mark and Luke all state the Last Supper was a meal marking the start of the Jewish festival of Passover. John, by contrast, says that it took place before the Passover began.
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However, it turns out that there is a very simple solution to these problems: If you move the Last Supper to Wednesday, instead of Thursday, the Gospels are actually in remarkable agreement, and can be read as a reliable record.
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The Dead Sea Scrolls reveal that there were a number of different Jewish calendars in use in Israel in the first century A.D., and so different Jewish groups celebrated Passover on different days.
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In his description of the Last Supper, John uses the official Jewish calendar, in which the Last Supper was before the date of the official Passover. However, I suggest that Jesus chose to hold his Last Supper on the date of Passover in a different Jewish calendar, which is what Matthew, Mark and Luke report. So all four Gospels in fact agree!
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The official Jewish calendar at the time of Jesus' death was that still used by Jews today: a lunar system in which days run from sunset to sunset. This was developed during the Jewish exile in Babylon in the sixth century B.C. Before that, however, the Jews had a different system. This is referred to in the Book of Exodus, in the Old Testament, when God instructs Moses and Aaron to start their year at the time of the Exodus from Egypt.
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Under this pre-exilic calendar, Passover always fell a few days earlier than in the official Jewish calendar, and the days were marked from sunrise to sunrise, not sunset to sunset.
He goes on further to suggest that his solution also gives a solution to the leavened/unleavened division in Christianity: if the Last Supper was a Passover meal in one calendar, but not in another calendar, then both leavened and unleavened practices are "correct".
« Last Edit: April 20, 2011, 10:16:37 PM by Jetavan » Logged

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