I've noticed that in some early modern English literature that double negatives are very frequent, so much so that I wonder if the rule against them is a bit arbitrary.
Comes from the Latinzation of the language when the grammar books were developed for mass education.
In Germanic languages, double, triple, quadruple negation has been a way of emphasizing the negation (as I understand Slavic languages do this as well), but they too have suffered under the "negation rule."
The English I grew up speaking the and the German I spoke day to day, multiple negation was done frequently too clearly make a point of emphasis.
"Ain't no way no one would never do nothing like that."