I am quite new to OC.net and in the short time that I have been here, I have been tremendously benefited from the discussions here.
Please excuse me if this has been discussed already..
My query is about the Sacrament of Baptism.
I am aware that the Baptism should be always in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. If the Baptism is performed in the name of Jesus alone, will it be still considered a valid Baptism ?
I have seen those holding on to this view pointing to Acts 19:2-5 and Acts 10:48 to show that the baptism performed in Jesus's name alone is also valid.
What would be the Orthodox view on this ? And, if it should be always in the name of the Holy Trinity, any particular reasons for the same ?
If this has been already discussed, could you please direct me to those discussions ?
Thank you all very much.
God Bless !!!
Acts 19:1 While Apol'los was at Corinth, Paul passed through the upper country and came to Ephesus. There he found some disciples
. 2 And he said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed
?" And they said, "No, we have never even heard that there is a Holy Spirit
." 3 And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?"
They said, "Into John's baptism." 4 And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus." 5 On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them; and they spoke with tongues and prophesied.
He identifies the twelve as disciples, the term in Acts for Christians, yet he treats them as unchrismated catechumens, until what they tell him tells him that they are not baptized. Had they been baptized validly, they would have heard of the Holy Spirit, as He would be named in their baptism. Seeing that He had not been named, he knows that they have not been baptized in the name of Jesus, i.e. according to the instructions of Christ:
Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me
. 19 Go therefore and make disciples
of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit
, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you
; and lo, I am with you always, to the close of the age."
"in the name
of Jesus" is like yelling at a fleeing criminal "Stop! In the name of
the Law!" i.e. by His authority. Not using His name as the Formula.
Gal. 4:4 But when the time had fully come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!"
Baptism does not just establish a relationship to the Son, but also to the Father, through the Holy Spirit. Hence why one must be baptized into the fullness of the Holy Trinity.