You are aware that a thousand years ago, cardinals did not exist, nor marriage tribunals, no?Fair enough. Neither I nor my Church has a problem with development concerning understanding of doctrine or adapting Church practices. Electing a Patriarch with a college of cardinals certainly seems like a better practice than by appointment from a secular emperor, no?
No. Btw, it is only a century that that could even be brought up as an issue, as in 1904 an emperor vetoed the election of a pope, a common enough occurance before then.
Pope St. Victor claimed universal jurisdiction. Councils of bishops throughout the world, East and West rebuked him.Via an Ecumenical Council or a local council?
A Ecumenical series of local councils (meeting in Ecumenical Council was impossible for an illegal organization).
According to Pastor Aeternus, the supreme pontiff is judged by no one. How does he "not go unchecked?"If this is so then it is being taken out of context. The Pope constantly consults with advisers and with his fellow Bishops.
Every dictator has his advisors. How is this different? And he is their head, not their "fellow."
If this were not so then Vatican I and II would not have had the participation of the rest of the Bishops of the Catholic Church.
Matters not, e.g. during Vatican II the supreme pontiff died, and the council was automatically suspended, as it could not meet until another "head of the college" was elected.
The Pope would have simply sat back and pronounced everything ex cathedra, but he didn't.
Like he did with the IC and the Assumption.
He involved the rest of the Bishops who together with him make up the Magisterium.
Lumen Gentium makes it quite clear, and emphasizes the point, that he was not bound to consult any bishop. The President and his cabinet etc. make up the Executive Branch of the US government, but all but the VP serve at the pleasure of the President, who can fire any of them at will. Not so in the Prime Minister parlamentary system.
If you go and see how Constantinople, Alexandria (EO and OO), Antioch (EO and OO), Jerusalem, Cyprus, Armenia and Georgia govern themselves now, and you see the same system that was in place over the first millenium. In the first millenium, no Patriarch of Constantinople, Antioch or Jerusalem, no Pope of Alexandria, no Catholicos of Armenia or Georgia, no Archbishop of Cyprus ever received a pallium from Rome.That the Eastern Catholic Patriarchs receive the pallium from Rome seems like a necessary modification since most of the Eastern Rite Churches were Eastern Orthodox for a time. When you go in schism for a time and then decide to come back, it only makes sense that you have to go a bit farther to prove your dedication to Catholic unity.
So those "sui juris" primates are doing penance, generation after generation?
It was a necessary modification because the primates of the autocephalous Churches all selected their primates from within their synod, with accountability only to the Orthodox Faith and no superior to advise and consent.
btw, Pope Sylvester neither called nor presided over the First Ecumenical Council, Pope Damsus was not invovled with the Second, Pope Cyril of Alexandria conducted the Third Council, Pope Leo's legates did preside over the Fourth but it did not follow his instructions, the Fifth was held over Pope Vigilius' objections (eventually it struck him from the diptychs), Pope Agatho joined in convening and Pope Leo agreed to the Sixth in anathematizing Pope Honorius. EP Tarasius convened the Seventh Council and invited Pope Adrian I.Is striking a Patriarch from the diptychs enough to indicate that said Patriarch is heretical and excommunicated? A council does not need to be held for such things?
Are you asking about Pope Vigilius? The Fifth Ecumenical Council was a Council.
As for other instances, it depends on the circumstances. The Patriarch of Jerusalem wasn't deposed for heresy, and wasn't excommunicated (actually, deposition takes the place of excommunication, which takes place only if he persists in heresy, if that is what he was deposed for). And since you need at least 12 bishops to depose any bishop, a council would always be required.