- Generally speaking, what do Eastern Catholics teach regarding contraception and NFP?
I'd probably have to say that one can find as wide a range of opinions (and teaching, although deviation from the Latin viewpoints may be done quietly) among EC clergy (and laity) as one does among Latins (who certainly don't all toe a standard line on either issue, despite what Rome might hope). I'd be loath to suggest, however, that there is any quantifiable Eastern viewpoint on either issue.
Also, do Eastern Catholics view the early Church's position regarding sexuality in the same way that many Eastern Orthodox view it: that is to say, do they shate the view that the Eastern Fathers were more pastorally-senitive and open, while viewing Western Fathers as being more restrictive and strict?
This is a question that I'm not certain has an answer. Personally, I more than suspect that those who post on-line, be they EC/OC/EO/OO, give much more thought to and are more likely to consider, discuss, and have an opinion on these kind of issues than the vast majority of their counterparts out in the temples who have neither the occasion nor inclination to routinely become involved in consideration of matters such as this - or many others that are bandied about routinely on-line.
- Generally speaking, are Eastern Catholics closer to Roman Catholicism or Eastern Orthodoxy when it comes to the issue of divorce?
My personal opinion is that, to the extent that they think about it, the average EC is more likely to think along EO lines. As regards the clergy, I think there is some significant diversity of opinion. Officially, there are tribunals in place to consider matters of annulment and I think that route is certainly followed in some cases. I also think that there are a non-quantifiable number of instances in which clergy exercise ekonomia
. What decides? Likely, the 'conservative' or 'liberal' view of the individual presbyter, tempered by how strict his jurisdiction is on the matter.
- Do Eastern Catholics say the creed without the filioque? And regardless of whether they use it or not, what do they think of it's introduction and current usage in many Catholic churches?
The majority of EC do not - and none of them should. It's a little less certain what the OC and the Assyro-Chaldeans do; the Maronites are most likely to say it, although some will not - I'm not clear on whether their jurisdictions have directly addressed the question as yet and some may consider that its use is in line with their historical praxis - which I find doubtful (however, almost all the OCs, the A-Cs, and the Maronites are considerably more latinized than the ECs).
As to how we view its use in the Latin Churches. I don't think most have strong opinions - content to let the Latins do their own thing, and hoping to be allowed the same.