Keble - speaking personally, confession doesn't solve the "repeat offender" problem for me, since I confess the same dreary pathetic sins every time! However, speaking as a recovering Protestant, I have experienced some difference in the Orthodox church. Sin is regarded as the primary problem. My former Lutheran pastor told me once that "sin doesn't come up much any more." Having to go to confession regularly makes me more aware of my sin and all the ramifications - even if I haven't murdered anyone this week, I certainly have failed to love them. Maybe it's just me, but with the general confession at the beginning of the Lutheran service and the 30 sec. (max) allotted for self-examination before the pastor zipped along to the absolution, I was able to pretty much skate over the nasty parts and feel pretty good about myself. There seemed to be an attitude of if you acknowledged your sin, and wanted to repent, you simply had a problem with low self-esteem. And low self-esteem is not my problem (but quite the reverse). So I would have to say that I don't know about individual Protestant's repentance (and rightly so - none of my business) or any other faith tradition but Lutheran but my experience of the corporate expression of repentance (as opposed to theological expression) in the Lutheran church was confession and repentance were pretty much non-starters, some talk but no action.