Playing semantics, as nouns are a class that subsume adjectives and pronouns, besides nouns proper.
The nominalization of adjectives does occur, and may be a regular feature of some languages, but nouns and adjectives are functionally distinct. The word "substantive" is a more precise label for the class to which you refer.
However, I am quite aware that there are probably more exceptions to linguistic "rules" than applications. There may indeed be a language in which "a big red apple" is rendered as a string of four nouns.
In addition to English, I've studied only French, Spanish, Latin, (Koine) Greek, Italian, and Guaraní, and picked up a bit of Portuguese along the way. I still have a lot to learn.