There are already so many wonderful answers to these questions here! I love to see a people who know their faith, and this is certainly a place of faithful Orthodox. I offer my own responses, as well, perhaps they will add something valuable to the OP, by the grace of God.
1) Repetitious prayer. We were commanded by God incarnate not to pray in repetition as the heathens do. Yet there are prayer ropes... Over and over again the same prayer is said "O Lord Jesus Christ son of God have mercy upon me a sinner". I did this a lot as a child, but I'm not sure God needs so much repetition. Being all powerful, wouldn't he get the point by just saying it once? Was Jesus's example the Lord's prayer so that we would not do this?
As has already been said, this is referring to vain repetition. Christ spoke of those who "wish to be heard because of their many words" because they sought after the praise of men and not of God. It is a good note that was made earlier, that the angels stand before the throne of God constantly and offer him unceasing praise. Let us also remember that prayer is a two-way street. It is as much for us, if not more for us, than for God. The prayer of the heart, specifically, is written as a prayer of repentence, of remembrance, of who we are and of who Christ is. It is praise to God, but also humbling to us.
2) Mistranslation in English of the name "Jesus Christ". Perhaps this is a Greek problem, but in proper Aramaic translation his name is pronounced in English as Yeshua. Why have we not fixed this in English? King James took the 'Iesus Christos' from the Greek. Yeshua spoke Aramaic, as did the disciples. I find it kind of strange that we are calling our savior TECHNICALLY incorrectly.
This has also been addressed. Linguistically, "Jesus Christ" and other names have been Anglicized because we speak English, and it takes on different variants in other parts of the world with different languages. We aren't, and certainly God is not, limited to a single language. These are not mistranslations, simply linguistic variants.
3) I know that veneration of Icons is showing respect & love to the individual in heaven / reverence etc. But as an adult, I'm having a VERY tough time with this. You are kissing paint & wood, or glass on top of paint/wood etc. Period. When people do kiss them, they cross themselves first... How can we logically say that we are in veneration to the individual, when we kiss paint & wood with a painting of them that an artist "thinks" they may have looked like?
Again, good points were made here a well. This is akin to kissing a photo of your loved one. The act is not to the paint and wood, but to the depicted individual himself or herself.
4) Why is it important to constantly cross yourself. I've never once read in the bible where Yeshua (Jesus) or an apostle did this. How does this help? The way I see it is "God knows what you mean". Why is it so important? We were commanded to pray in the name of Yeshua (Jesus) OR aka - The trinity. So when we say "In the name of the father, and of the son, and of the holy spirit" (emphasis added on the sacred name), why does crossing ourselves help? I can't imagine how God sees us sitting there crossing ourselves so many times - even during a liturgy.
It is a reverence towards God. It shows respect and worship to Him, of which we can never give enough. It also reminds us of the cross and our life in the Church. We are connected to God through the cross, and we remember that each time we cross ourselves. Jesus would not cross Himself, and the Bible does not say that the apostles did, but we do have very early accounts (2nd century, IIRC) of Christians crossing themselves. Just because something is not expressed directly in Scripture does not mean it should be cast aside. Sola Scriptura is a dangerous Protestant heresy.
5) Did the apostles venerate icons of Christ?
Possibly. The Image Not Made By Hands has already been mentioned, as has St. Luke's position as the first iconographer. It is also of note that iconography was also part of ancient Jewish worship, and is spoken of by God in the giving of the Law. As I recall, archeologists have even found one city in which the iconography in the ancient Christian church and the ancient Jewish synagogue in that city was written by the same artist!
6) Did Yeshua/Jesus have an altar or practice anything similar to a divine liturgy (St. John Chrysostom (sp?) regularly? Did the apostles do this?
Absolutely, and it's recorded in Scripture! The Liturgy of the Word is a direct descendent of Jewish synagogue worship, of which we see Christ participate as written in the Gospels. The Liturgy of the Faithful is directly descended from Jewish temple worship, i.e. the system of sacrifices detailed in the Levitical Law. Christ would have also participated in this, as he lived during the Second Temple period. This is recorded in Scripture, as the Virgin Mary brought Christ to the Temple for circumcision and presentation, as well how Christ taught in the Temple and participated in the worship of major feasts days (such as Passover) in Jerusalem, at the Temple.
Later on, the apostles would write Christian liturgies that derived from these, such as the Divine Liturgies of St. James and St. Mark. We have also adopted and adapted the Hours, daily prayers of Jewish worship, prayed at the First, Third, Sixth and Ninth hours. This are regularly spoken of in the Scriptures.
7) Did the apostles use incense? Did they use the censor on anything? (Or is there evidence of any early Christian doing this such as Polycarp, Tertullian, Clement, or even Cyprian?
Again...absolutely! The Jewish Temple, as in the commandments of God through the Law, had its own altar dedicated to incense, which the priests of the Temple were to burn "constantly" before the Lord. This carried over into the earliest Christian worship. There is an angel in the Apocalypse of St. John that offers incense "as the prayers of the saints" at an altar that rises before the throne of God. The Psalter reads, "Let my prayer arise in thy sight as incense, and let the lifting up of my hands be an evening sacrifice." Part of this psalm is sung in various services (such as great vespers) when incense is offered.
8) Are we allowed to "confess our sins to one another" as the scriptures mandate, or is it only to a priest?
This is an interesting historical question. Originally in the Church, sins were confessed to the whole assembly. Under persecution, this often became impossible, and so the priest stood in for the Church. The priest, in Orthodox confession, does not forgive sin, but rather witnesses the confession on behalf of the Church and gives the absolution in the name of Christ, who is the only one who forgives sin.
9) Do you feel God likes all the "bling" in the church. Silver chalices (ironic as Christ was betrayed for silver), gold plate , shiny stuff. The vestments of that of rich priests, bishops... Large - rich - or luxurious churches (not all but there are some).
There was a wonderful answer given to this concerning the words of St. John Chrysostom. the chapel of a parish building is properly called a Temple, for it is where God is worshipped and the sacrifce offered. It is a holy place, dedicated to God. Who is more worthy of such decoration?
10) Do the Orthodox accept Freemasons in their church? (I find it to be a luciferian faith - Freemasonry)
As said earlier, Freemasonry and all similar sects and cults are anathema to the Orthodox Church.
11) Are the Orthodox allowed to hold public office, be part of the military, be on a jury, or be a police officer? All which require a SWORN OATH "To protect and defend the constitution" etc., when Yeshua (Jesus) clearly told us not to swear and let our answers be clear as a Yes or No.
Also previously addressed, this is often left up to the individual, under the guidance of his or her spiritual father/mother.
12) Did any early Christians (Prue Nicea), apostles, or Yeshua (Jesus) "Bless" inadament objects? a) home blessings b) oil c) icons d) crosses e) water (found in the old testament) - What does blessing these things do to them exactly?
As you said, this is an ancient Jewish practice: to consecrate (i.e., "make holy" or "bless") objects. The earliest Christians, who were Jews, would have been raised with an understanding of holy objects. Many pagans of the day would have also understood this concept.
13) Liturgical repetition. I'm having trouble because I wonder of God wants us to pray the same things over and over again nearly every Sunday. I don't know if this falls into the question #1 category of repetition, but it's kind of hard for me to do it over and over again when I figure God knows I truly meant it last week.
Liturgical repetition is an ancient Jewish tradition as well. The Law of Moses contains strict rubrics for worship in the Temple, and our liturgies are directly descended from those instructions.
14) Did the early Christians practice ordination after somebody graduated from a seminary? Or did they basically ordinate people who were of great faith & understood the teachings of Yeshua (Jesus)? When was a degree requirement needed for this sacrament of ordination?
Education was given for baptism (catechism) and for priestly vocation. Originally, as we can see in the relationship between Ss. Paul and Timothy, those entering the priesthood would often serve under a spiritual father to learn the faith. However, theological schools were a common Jewish practice (St. Paul came from the school of Gamaliel) and theological schools also came to exist in early Christianity (such as the schools of Antioch and Alexandria).