Thanks for responding. The evidence that Rabbi Gamaliel was Christian is as follows:
(A) He told the Sanhedrin that they shouldn't hurt Christians, and allowed the possibility that Christianity could be from God.
(note: it doesn't necessarily mean he was Christian: he might just have been open-minded)
I think this is only a very weak suggestion that he was Christian.
(B) Somehow the information of what Rabbi Gamaliel told the Sanhedrin made its way to the Christians
(note: this doesn't necessarily mean that he directly told a Christian: he could have told St Paul or someone else before the person became Christian)
I think this is only a very weak suggestion that he was Christian.
(C) St Paul learned about religion from Rabbi Gamaliel before St Paul became Christian
I don't think this suggests he was or wasn't CHristian.
(D) The recognitions of Clement say that Gamaliel was a secret Christian, and that he made a speech saying that Christians were "men of God" and that Jews should try to learn from them because they could have knowledge from God.
(note: the Recognitions were written 3 centuries later, and I think scholars consider them somewhat apocryphal or unreliable.)
This says that he was Christian, but I seriously doubt its reliability, so I think this is weak evidence that he was Christian.
(E) Gamaliel's views on gentiles and on the resurrection matched Christianity.
(note: his view of the resurrection was within phariseeism. I expect that his views on gentiles could have been shared with some other rabbis. To give an example, even if Hillel's views and Jesus' views were within what the other one accepted, it doesn't necessarily mean that Jesus was simply a follower of Hillel. It would make sense that Hillel himself could have been within a certain school in Judaism. So likewise, Gamaliel and Jesus could have been within the same school of Judaism without Gamaliel being a full, dedicated student of Jesus.)
I don't think that this shows whether or not Gamaliel was Christian.
(F) Gamaliel's son was on a revolutionary war council, but spoke out against the nationalists', or Zealots', dictatorship.
(note: a son's views aren't necessarily those of his father)
I don't think this shows whether or not Gamaliel was Christian.
(G) 5th century Church writing(s) say that a monk named Migetius had a dream where he found Gamaliel's coffin. The story goes that Migetius and a monk named Lucian found coffins with the name of Gamaliel, and in Aramaic of Stephen and Nicodemus, and that when they found the coffins the earth shook and a very nice smell came out. The modern-day area of Beit Gamaliel, or House of Gamaliel, which is a reference to Gamaliel's estate, has a plaque nowadays that says Sts. Stephen and Nicodemus were buried there.
1. the very pleasant odor could have come from burial spices.
2. the discovery relied on a miracle- Migetius' dream- and the shaking of the earth sounds miraculous too. That the discovery's accuracy relied on miraculous elements suggests that the discovery, although itself a real event, could have been inaccurate.
3. since the discovery was made by two individuals, its accuracy also relies on their truthfulness. It seems possible that they could have made up important parts of their story
4. Even if the individuals were honest, it still seems possible that the coffins could have been made up. In other words, someone could have written the words on the coffins or changed the site to make it look like Gamaliel was buried with Sts Stephen and Nicodemus. After all, even today there are archeological hoaxes.)
This suggests that Gamaliel was a Christian, but I don't consider it a strong or solid proof because of the possible alternative explanations.
(H) Ialmisry writes that Rabbi Gamaliel's students were suspected of heresy, which is how the Pharisees viewed the Church.
1. Just because his students were suspected of heresy doesn't mean that the suspicions were necessarily correct, nor does it necessarily mean their heresy was Christianity, nor does it necessarily mean that their teacher would have shared their heresy.
2. I have serious doubt about how many of his students were suspected of heresy, since Gamaliel II, Gamaliel's grandson, made an invocation against heresy.)
So I think this is only a very extremely weak suggestion that Gamaliel was Christian.
(I) Gamaliel II, Gamaliel I's grandson, was strongly anti-Christian, and so strongly that he made an invocation against heresy, which I think was specifically directed against Christianity.
(note: Just because Gamaliel II was anti-Christian doesn't mean that his grandfather Gamaliel I was
The absence of several relatives in Gamaliel's tomb with Nicodemus would suggest either that it wasn't Gamaliel I's tomb, or that Gamaliel I was separated from his family because of his Christianity)
I think this weakly suggests that Gamaliel I wasn't Christian.
(J) The Roman Catholic Church views him as a Saint.
(note: the RC church could itself be basing this view on nothing much stronger than the above information.)
I don't think that this adds to or subtracts from the other evidence here.
(K) St. Photios the Great writes that Gamaliel was baptized with his son and St. Nicodemus by St. Peter and St. John.
(note: I think Photius was writing in the 9th century. I forget if the Clementine literature has the same claim about Gamaliel's baptism, but it seems this could have been a legend that was made up in the many intervening centuries. Plus, I have serious doubt that Gamaliel's son was baptized, since his son [perhaps a different son] joined the revolutionary war council, which would be uncharacteristic of the 1st century Christians, who it seems avoided war with Rome. Yet as I remember, around 130 AD the christians were ok with the Bar Kokhba revolt until Bar Kokhba called himself the Messiah. Such an initial view by the Christians does seem to go against my idea of 1st-2nd century Christianity)
I think this very extremely weakly suggests that Gamaliel was Christian.
In conclusion, I believe that the evidence when added up shows that Gamaliel was open-minded about Christianity, and even sympathized and/or had hopes about it. But I think it only weakly suggests that Gamaliel was Christian.
Plus, whether Gamaliel I was a Christian depends on the definition of Christian. If to be a Christian one would have to accept what later became the Nicene Creed, and ideas like that Christ was of the same essence as God and came from a virgin birth, they I seriously doubt that Gamaliel I would be Christian. However, if it meant someone who put hope in Jesus, then I think the answer is that he was Christian.
However, I do believe that Nicodemus was a secret Christian as I explained further on my website rakovskii.livejournal.com
And we are left with an interesting dilemma. If Gamaliel really was a secret Christian like Nicodemus, then how would we know, if the 1st- early 2nd century New Testament writers prefered to keep it a secret, for example, to protect other secret Christians associated with Gamaliel? It seems that references outside the New Testament like 4th Clementine literature, or perhaps random discoveries like Gamaliel's apparent tomb, would be the only places that would reveal it.
Happy New Years!