So, what is the Orthodox response to those who use the verse about David calling Christ Lord to say that she cannot be the Mother of God?
People make this argument? What's the argument?
“While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.” (Matt 22:42-46)
The argument is that if David can be Jesus' biological ancestor without being His father/ancestor, then so can the Virgin Mary. They often ask that if Mary is Mother of God why it would then be improper to call David the Father of God.
LOL. This is what they do with sola Scriptura? Ridiculous.
As FormerReformer said, it's a riddle about the Incarnation: Christ is David's Son and
David's Lord. He was called "Son of David" many times and never corrected it, even when he was asked to do so by the Pharisees while he entered Jerusalem on "Palm Sunday". If they could claim "We have Abraham for our father" when disputing with Christ, surely Christ can call (both Abraham and) David "father".
Why can Mary be called "Mother of God" but David is not called "Father of God"? "Mother of God" is not a generic term for female ancestors no matter how close or far apart generationally, but rather is specific to the direct
relationship between the woman
Mary and the Child she
bore in her
womb. We do not call St Anna "Mother of God", though the grandmother/grandchild relationship is certainly "maternal", nor do we refer to Eve, Sarah, Rebecca, Leah, etc. as "Mother of God". It only applies to Mary.
It follows, then, that to create an equivalent label for a "paternal" figure of Christ's requires that it be used only for the direct relationship between a man and the child he begets: but in the case of Christ, that can only be said of God the Father, whose only-begotten Son he is--it can be said of no male human being at all. Even though Christ was regarded on earth as "Joseph's son" and Mary herself, speaking to Christ, refers to Joseph as "your father", we never refer to Joseph as "Father of God" because the kind of direct relationship which makes this sort of title possible is simply not there. It only applies to God the Father.
As Isa said, we refer to David and others as "Ancestors of God" because it affirms the same Incarnational truth which is affirmed by "Mother of God", and in a generic sense we can speak of fathers and mothers, but "Mother of God" is specific. "Father of God" can only be as specific, and such a thing only is true of God the Father.