Will Greece ever recapture the New Rome from the Turks?Greece never owned Constantinople, so it would not be a case of "recapturing" it but rather annexing it. What is now called Greece was part of the Roman Empire with Constantinople as its capital, so New Rome owned Greece, not the other way around.
A little known fact is that the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans coincided with a rise in Greek Nationalism led by the neoPlatonic philosopher Gemistus Pletho. The new revival in "Greek nationalism" is no different, and it would be completely revisionist for it to claim that "Greece" ever "owned" Constantinople.
Would the emperor then be put back on hsi throne and Byzantium restored as a sacred kingdom in this world?There was never a "Byzantine Empire", it was the Eastern Roman Empire.
Well put. I would even say that whereas the Ottomans preserved Roman heritage, hellenism from the seventeenth century onwards through 1821 and today has always been directed by a pagan clique that has undermined the identity and character of Eastern Roman citizens and transformed them into Greek apostates. The same process has occurred in every country of the Roman Empire occupied by the Franks and its allies.
See for example, 'From Peasants to Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France 1870-1914'
by Eugen Weber.
The Ottoman Empire and its Sultans were the Roman Empire in Islamic form. The last truly Christian Emperor of Rome was Manuel II who opposed union with the Franks. However, the final two Paleologue Emperors departed from his religious policy and became Frankish puppets from the 1430's Florentine Council to 1453 when Sultan Mehmed II took Constantinople and restored Roman civilization. The Ottoman Empire made Eastern Roman civilization its own and preserved it.
We expose our own ignorance and insensitivity when we fail to distinguish the Ottoman Empire from secular Turkey established by Kemal Pasha. Turkish governments since the 1920's have likewise sought to forcefully divest citizens of the vestiges of Roman and Islamic traditions. The origin of this westernization was Sultan Selim III's reorientation of Ottoman government adopting western policies from 1789 onwards leading to the Tanzimat and the Young Turks. The excessive taxations thus implemented in the early nineteenth century were a departure from Ottoman tradition and resulted in unfortunately successful revolutions in Greece and Egypt.
The Ottoman Empire lasted centuries longer than other eastern kingdoms like those of Attila and Ghengis Khan because they adopted the principles of Roman civilization. As long as the Ottoman Empire was faithful to its founding principles, it maintained its status long after its height in the 1500's. The Ottoman's abandonment of founding principles in favor of European ways was the cause of its demise.
Modern Greece and Serbia are creations and puppets of western colonialism and nationalism (which itself derives from "enlightenment" ideology) which have systematically destroyed the vestiges of Roman and civilization in the Balkans.