I think that when people start to ask to whom the ransom was paid the theory begins to fall apart.
Why? If we are to imagine it as a literal ransom (this may be the faulty premise), it's clear that the answer is that the ransom is payed to Satan.
Hebrews 2:14-18"Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 15 and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. 16 For indeed He does not give aid to angels, but He does give aid to the seed of Abraham. 17 Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make expiation for the sins of the people. 18 For in that He Himself has suffered, being tempted, He is able to aid those who are tempted."
I changed the word "propitiation" to "expiation", so if you can't find the word "expiation" in your english translation of the NKJV in regards to this text, it's because I changed it.Hilasterion
was mostly seen by alot of early church fathers and nonfathers as "expiation", and that's why I did it. The death of Christ cleanses(expiates)
our sins, and I see this as a wonderful alternative to the modern Protestant Reformed modal that alot of us grew up with......unknowingly.
But I agree, historicaly the finger was pointed at the devil, but in modern times, you will see us looking down on the idea. I really don't understand why our scholars no longer like the idea, maybe it's because it seems embarrassing, and we want to look good in front of western christian scholars.
I really don't know. I just know that we tend to shun it now, or at least not speak about it. But it is part of our heritage, and I'm actually proud of it, for it is a wonderful alternative to the Reformed Protestant satisfaction theory.
Alot of us converts, and maybe nonconverts get blasted or bombarded by evangelical and Reformed protestants when it comes to the topic of the Atonement. And so, I am proud of our history and what was tought long long ago.......in regards to this issue.