General Forums > Christian News

ROC is going to lift the anathema to Ivan Mazepa

<< < (5/5)

There is no problem for Romanians in the metropolia of Chernivtsi and Bukovina, which is bilingual. Also -Metropolitan Onufriy speaks Romanian. In Odesa though, the situation is quite different. And that has to do not only which history, but especially with person of the metropolitan...


--- Quote ---That statistic from 1930 needs to be compared to the Austrian census of 1906 and I don't remember if there was another census in Bukovyna before WW1 in 1914.  Chernivsti had a large population of Jews (45%)  and there was also a civil service that spoke German from other parts of the Austrian Empire.  The Austrian census reports are very detailed with ethnic breakdown of every tiny village.  When the German-speaking civil servants and professional classes left, Romanians were brought in from Greater Romania to fill those positions.

The Ukrainians did not form a majority in the city in 1930 because they lived mostly in rural areas.
--- End quote ---

Let's go more in the past then:

Despite the influx of migrants encouraged under the Austrian rule, Romanians continued to be the largest ethnic group in the province until 1880, when Ruthenians (Ukrainians) outnumbered the Romanians 5:4. According to the 1880 census there were 239,690 Ruthenians and Hutzuls, or roughly 41.5% of the population of the region, while Romanians were second with 190,005 people or 33%, a ratio that remained unchanged until World War I. Ruthenian is an archaic name for Ukrainian, while the Hutsuls are a regional Ukrainian subgroup.

--Rumanian nationality also suffered under the new regime in regard to the composition of its population. Many of its leaders, the boyars, abandoned the province and withdrew to Jassy, and were followed later by many members of the teaching profession.

Those boyars who remained were won over to the administration by a lavish distribution of titles, while their children were educated in the German schools and became willing functionaries of the new Government. Commerce and farming passed into the hands of foreigners, chiefly Jews from Galicia; and, as has been pointed out, the immigration of Poles, Germans, and Ruthenes was encouraged.

For the year 1776 Ion Nistor mentions 55,495 romanians vs 16,225 non romanians. In addition, the statistics compiled by General Spleny on imperial order show a large romanian speaking majority at the time.
Diglossia and Power: Language Policies and Practice in the 19th Century Habsburg Empire by Rosita Rindler Schjerve

Despite these gains, the romanians steadly lost ground in Bukovina during the 19th century because of heavy ruthenian immigration from the east. When the province first came under austrian rule there were only a few ruthenians in the eastern countries. By 1848 they numbered 108 000 as against 209 000 romanians. The proportions were reversed by 1880.
Balkans Since 1453 by Leften Stavros Stavrianos


[0] Message Index

[*] Previous page

Go to full version