In your jihad against the Ecumenical Patriarch
Proving exactly what?
Your history is a gloss which ignores too much - too many inconvenient facts.
Jihad? If I suggested that the "upcoming" Great Council demote Constantinople in the diptychs, that would be a jihad.
(any Patriarch of Constantinople apparently),
No, if there is any ire, it is against Bp. Arb. EP Pope Meletios ? III I IV II.
you ignore the bits of relevant history, such as:
I did forget one bit: the Russo-American treatises in over 50 years earlier had guarenteed the Orthodox in America retain the Church properties of the Diocese, and guarentees for its status.
1) After 1917 the Russian Metropolia was effectively orphaned by its mother Moscow.
Yes and no. I just have time for a few points:
For starters, autocephaly had come to Moscow herself when her mother Constantinople had apostacized.
The Archbishop of North America Evdokim left America to attend the All Russia Sobor (Council) of 1917 which elected North America's former primate St. Tikhon as the (restored) Patriarch of Moscow, who in the early 1920's declared that all diocese's outside of Russia (which would have included, for instance, Finland, Ukraine, Byelorussia, Poland, Japan, etc.) should govern themselves autonomously. Arb. Evodokim could not return, so the All-American Sobor elected Bp. Alexander of Alaska (who had been so ordained in St. Petersburg, after serving as priest in PA, NJ and NY. As bishop he administrated the Archdiocese between Archb. Platon's recall to Russia and the arrival of Archb. Evodim, whereupon Bp. Alexander served as Bishop of Canada). . Pat. St. Tikhon's last undisputed act concerning North America before the ukaze to govern autonomouslyhttp://www.orthodoxwiki.org/Ukaz_No._362http://www.pomog.org/index.html?http://www.pomog.org/ukaz.htm
was his confirmation of Archb. Alexander's election, the first primate of North America elected locally. Arch. Alexander proved overwhelmed by the chaos, and too nationalistic (he alienated the Ukraininans into setting up their own "Church," the predecessor of those Ukrainians under the EP that the speech talks about). In 1921 the Russian hierarchs outside of Russia convened in Karlovski, including Arb. Alexander and his predecessor (and St. Tikhon's successor as Archb. of North America and the Aleutians), Arch. Platon, formed the Karlovski Synod and confirmed Archb. Alexander as primate of North America. At the time, mind you, North America and the Aleustians was the only fully functioning diocese of the Russian Church, which was being torn by the "Living Church" schism: when the EP recognized the "Living Church" and its deposition of Pat. Tikhon, the subject of another thread
By Wireless to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
April 9, 1925, Thursday
“ . . . the Holy Synod succeeded in influencing the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Orthodox Church in Constantinople Gregory VII to endorse the decision of the Russian Conclave, which deposed and unfrocked Dr. Tikhon, thus dealing the heaviest blow he had yet sustained.”
So, yes, the Metropolia was out of communion with the EP as they did not commune the heretical "Living Church." It can't have been completely out of communion, though, as when Archb. Platon returned to the U.S., Archb. Alexander tendered a letter of resignation to him asking that he resume the role of primate. This was when the Archdiocese was orphaned. Archp. Alexander went to Mt. Athos, and then became a bishop of the EP in Brussels until 1946, when he returned under the PoM. Archb. Platon resumed his duties for the orphaned Church.
The third All-American Council elected their former primate, Archb. Platon as Met. of All America and Canada. While Pat. St. Tikhon confirmed the election, the Karlovski Synod questioned it. Another All-American Council was held in 1924, confirming the election and authorizing Archb. Platon to establish temporary self government in accord with Pat. St. Tikhon's ukaze on autonomy of the dioceses outside of Russia, which his diocese was still the only fully functioning. ROCOR condemned the move and "deposed" Arch. Platon. So then the Metropolia was outside of communion with ROCOR, who was out of commmunion with the EP, who was in communion with the heretical "Living Church."
2) It was not in communion with any Orthodox church that I know of until 1970.
One bishop of the Metropolia dissented, Bp. Apollianary, and was expelled, and ROCOR thereupon "appointed" him primate of America while "deposing" Archb. Platon. When Met. Platon refused to take or require loyalty oaths to the Soviet regime (by that time, the Metropolia had been praying, per the Governing Holy Synod and the Czar's directive, for the President of the United States for decades) the PoM "deposed" him, and set up the Russian Exarchate of North America, which was not in communion with the Metropolia, nor with ROCOR. Was it in communion with the "Living Church" and the EP?
With the election of Met. Platon's successor, Archb. Theophilos (of Chicago, then) San Francisco, as Metropolitan of All America and Canada, ROCOR dropped its excommunication against the Metropolia and Met. Theophilos participated in the agreements between the Russian bishops not under the PoM brokered by Pat. Varnava of Serbia (who had participated as Serbia's representative in the All Russian Sobor of 1917, and thereafter involved in the restoration of the Serbian Patriarchate: since the EP didn't throw the usual trantrum over the restoration of abolished autocephalous and independent Churches, I assume he was in communion with the EP. Btw, Pat. Varnave opposed the Vatican concordant which, like in Romania, gave it privledged status in a majority Orthodox country with it's own autocephaly, and excommunicated any deputy who voted for it, something of interest in view of the Council of Ravenna and all this protos talk and other nonsense coming from the EP's office: the Patriarch may have been martyred for this opposition). Met. Theophilos insisted on autonomy, and the All American Council accepted the agreements, the ROCOR bishops participating in the Council but most of them abstaining from voting. After WWII Met. Theophilos tried a reproachment with the again restored PoM: the All American Council petitioned the Patriarchate to accept the Metropolia as an autonomous part of the Russian Church, which caused a split again from ROCOR, while the PoM's Soviet insisted on policies that the Metropolia could not accept.
Its canonical status was challenged to say the least. I was told outright in the 1950s that the "Russians" (meaning Metropolia) were "separated from us" and I was not allowed to go to their churches.
This was the situation in the 50's, when the EP was in communion with the PoM controlled by the Soviets like he himself was controlled by the Turks, and with ROCOR, who was not in communion with the PoM nor the Metropolia.
The Metropolia was in communion with the autonomous Church of Japan: Met. Theophilos son, a military intelligence officer involved with the Manhattan Project and the Alsos Mission packed the services of Nikolai-Do, the seat of the primate of Japan, with Orthodox of all persuasions (many who were not in communion with ROCOR or the PoM) to prevent a Soviet take over of the Church of Japan, re-established the Church's hierarchy: Japan remained under the Metropolia until autocephaly, when it returned under the PoM.
3) This cutoff from Moscow and subsequent canonical limbo could have been avoided by rapproachment with the ROCA bishops sent, but that did not happen.
The Metropolia was not under the same situation as the other bishops in ROCOR: it was a diocese intact with a primate confirmed by the Holy Governing Synod and the Patriarch. The EP bought these arguments from Met. Evlogy of Paris (whom Archb. Alexander had joined after abandoning the Metropolia), when he broke with ROCOR and joined the EP, what was the problem with Metropolia making the same arguments? except that the Metropolia was on even surer footing (Met. Platon having been first appointed primate of the Metropolia when the Church was still free, and the appointement by his successor/predecessor whose election in the intact Archdiocese as Metropolitan had been confirmed by the Patriarch and the Holy Synod before the autonomy ukaze, the source of ROCOR's authority) than Met. Evolgy.
4) If any precedence of the Russians existed in NA (and I think it did) THIS was the time to make the Metropolia an autocephalous church, instead of abandoning it as Moscow did.
Abandon it? Moscow was kidnapped.
No, given the circumstances, it was not the time to do so. The time to do so was when there was no question about authority, something that was not the case unfortunately under Pat. St. Tikhon, in part because of the "Living Church" schism endorsed by the EP, hence St. Tikhon's autonomy ukase.
5) All post 1917 activity happened at exactly the same time Greek immigration to the USA exploded (post WWI- Balkan Wars period + Greek/Turhish population exchange result) - several hundred thousand Greek Orthodox came through Ellis Island in a 5 year period (records online) and they wanted churches.
Funny, the Bulgarians wanted Churches in their own homeland, but the EP couldn't see fit to that. Too busy Hellenizing them.
There were bishops interesting in helping: the Metropolia had already done so for the Arabs, Serbs and Albanians. In fact, the Metropolia had helped found the Albania Church, when Greek priests refused to bury those who spoke Albanian. They knew where they were: the Metropolitan Church was in New York. Had been for decades. Ellis Island was also in New York, had been for decades.
The Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity in New Orleans doesn't have the original antimens (I can't help but have a feeling that Bp. Archp. EP Pope Meletius had something to do with that), but it does have a lovely Gospel Book, the gift of Czar Nicholas II to the parish. They knew where they were (btw, the first priest there wasn't Greek, but Ukrainian).
In fact, Bp. Archp. EP Pope Meletius spent a good part organizing in San Francisco, far, far away from those teaming hordes of Greek in the East, but less than two miles away from the Russian Cathedral, a Cathedral since the see had been moved there a half century earlier.
Let us tell you a little bit about the history of the Annunciation Cathedral community. St. Sophia, precursor to the Annunciation Cathedral, came into being June 1921, when the parishioners of the Holy Trinity Church, sympathetic to Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, established a second Greek Orthodox community in San Francisco. Land was acquired at Hayes and Pierce streets, all of the lots facing Pierce street from Hayes to Fell streets, for the purpose of building a Cathedral and an adjoining school and orphanage. Ground was broken June 1921, with a ceremony where His Eminence Metropolitan Meletios Metaxakis, Archbishop of Athens, laid the cornerstone of the cathedral. http://www.annunciation.org/history.html
In 1962 the Annunciation was named Cathedral for the Metropolis of San Francisco.
I.e. when the Metropolia Cathedral was approaching its centenary.
So, now I'm supposed to condemn my patriarch for providing for his flock with bishops and priests (and the Serbs, Romanians , and Antiochians theirs)?
Time's up. Gotta go. But before I finish answering this last bit, are you saying that the EP provided for the Serbs, Romanians and Antiochians?