One thing that I always found funny about Aristotle was how he believed plants to have souls (psyches
), but only of the vegetative faculty, that is, as Aquinas explains, the "part" of the soul with generative, augmentative and nutritive powers (you can read more about it here
), while beasts and men would have not only vegetative faculties, but also others.
So I was reading Galen and he opens his On the Natural Faculties
arguing against the attribution of these powers to the soul, seeming to equate Aristotle's vegetative soul to nature (physis
) and the other faculties to the actual soul. So plants would only live by their own nature, while beasts and men would have existence, growth and nutrition not due to their souls, but due to their nature itself, while reacting to stimuli and (in the case of men) thinking due to their particular souls.
So I thought: would Orthodox anthropology be more prone to Aristotle's or Galen's reading? I think Aristotle, but I don't recall anyone saying plants have souls or something, lol. I'm not trying to start a psyche
discussion here, but if you find it necessary to develop on that to answer the question better, feel free.