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Author Topic: [Orthodox] Synod of Jersulaem [1672] authoritive?  (Read 789 times) Average Rating: 0
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Ignatius of Antioch
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« on: July 07, 2008, 04:11:23 AM »

Hello,

I am starting to read the Decrees of the Synod of Jerusalem held in 1672--->http://catholicity.elcore.net/ConfessionOfDositheus.html

Does this Council have any dogmatic authority? How do we Eastern Orthodox Christians view this Eastern Orthodox Synod?

Blessings,
Ignatius
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« Reply #1 on: July 07, 2008, 06:16:35 AM »

Honest answer? Never heard of it until now.
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« Reply #2 on: July 07, 2008, 07:56:38 AM »

Yes it has dogmatic value still, but dated (because it is not ecumenical).  It addressed the beliefs of the newly formed Protestants, i.e. people who were already outside the Orthodox Church (Ecumenical Councils address errors among those of the Orthodox Church).  It was held during the Western Captivilty of the Church, and hence it does not reflect the Orthodox phronema, as do the ecumenical councils.
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« Reply #3 on: July 07, 2008, 08:16:27 AM »

The Pan-orthodox Synod was raised, as ialmisry rightly said, to contrast the errors (or heresies) of the Reformed Churches. I don't agree, though, with the fact he isn't as authoritative as the others. In fact the Synod was established because of the supposed Calvinist tendencies and heretical declarations of Cyril Lucaris (Patriarch Cyril III of Alexandria and later Patriarch Cyril I of Constantinople). As Calvinist theology was technically based on contrast with Rome, many of Cyril's doctrines and innovations introduced concepts like the idea of two Sacraments in the Church or the denial of Christ's Real Presence in the Eucharist.
In order to refuse and anathemize those heresies, the Synod adopted a more... West-friendly language, even introducing the spurious concept of transubstantiation (in Greek Metousiosis) to express the Eucharistic Metabolè, and also numbered the Sacraments as seven (the same as the Roman Catholic Church).
What do I think of this Council? I consider it on the same level as other Councils held before 1056, for example the Council in Trullo. They are authoritative but not ecumenical, that means they express the position of the Orthodox on some subjects and can't be used as a "conditio sine qua non" in Ecumenical context, i.e. the possibility of a re-union with an heterodox Church should start with the analysis of the common deposit of faith (the seven Ecumenical Councils) but not the Synod of Jerusalem which reflects a particular view of Orthodoxy (or "theological opinion").

In Christ,    Alex
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Ignatius of Antioch
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« Reply #4 on: July 07, 2008, 07:16:58 PM »

Thank-you all!

Blessings,
Ramon
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Glory Forever!
O Giver of Life, Glory to Thee!
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