Well, I am really new to the Christian World, in terms of theological matters and I was wondering what in the world is Reformed Theology? I was surfing the net and came across a book entitled, "The Holy Trinity (In scripture, history, theology and worship)" by Robert Letham and purchased it. Well after I got the book, on the back of the book it has endorsements, in which one comments, "Lethman has given us a tour de force of Reformed Theology."
So does Reform Theology oppose the Orthodox Theological concept of Trinity? I don't know what Reform Theology is to began with. And had I known before purchasing the book that it was based on Reformed Theology, I would have asked before purchasing the book.
I just assumed that protestant Christian agreed with the Orthodox Christian in regards to Trinity.\\Anyway, thanks,
Some segments of Reformed theology oppose the Eastern Orthodox understanding of the Trinity.
There is an argument right now in the Reformed World about "Aseity"
. One side believes that each person of the Trinity has "Aseity".
This is real close to Tri-Theism or Three gods instead of One God.
I may be wrong but I think the ORthodox view is that the Father Alone has Aseity because the Son is eternaly begotten from the Father and the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father.
Those in the Reformed camp that advocate this view reject the Nicene Creed in favor of the Athanisian Creed. They don't like the idea of the Son being derived from the Father.
The Reformed View in general...in all it's forms is anti-subordinationist.
The formers of the Nicene Council were closer to what I would call "Subordinate Triniterians". The Reformed camp rejects that idea. And this is why in general they tend to be modalistic.....except for that one group.
There are other differences as well. Like the Filique clause and the modalistic tendencies of the West. I know this sounds wierd since I just mentioned a segment of the Reformed that believe that each Person of the Trinity has "Aseity". But in General the west is bent in the direction of modalism.
But to give a brief discription of Reformed theology I would say:
Reformed Theology starts with Zwingly and culminates with John Calvin. It is the second wave of the Protestant Reformation that is mostly based on Calvins institutes of the Christian religion, his commentaries, the "three forms of unity" of the Dutch Reformed Church and the Westminister Confession of Faith of Prespyterian Churches. I may be wrong but I think John Calvin rewrote or edited the Anglican 39 articles of Faith.
The essentual core of Reformed Theology are
Perseverence of the Saints
The 5 Solas (Grace alone, Faith Alone, Scripture Alone, Christ ALone, to God the Glory Alone)
Communion as symbolic (Zwingly camp)
Communion as spiritual (John Calvin's compromise to the Zwinglians....This is what alot of the Reformed believe)
Most of the Reformed reject Baptismal regeneration. There is a reformed group called "federal vision" and another one called "new perspective on Paul" that may lean toward Baptismal regeneration but in general they are against it.
They believe in two sacraments........and even in that ....how they understand grace in regards to these sacraments are different than how we understand it.
Church ruled by elders (priests and deacons only)
The Reformed Faith has been influenced by the hard deterministic teachings of Augustine(in his later years)
The Renaissance, and the Enlightenment................ not to mention other movements since then.