Author Topic: What Do These Symbols Represent?  (Read 987 times)

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Offline Nacho

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What Do These Symbols Represent?
« on: April 01, 2007, 05:22:59 PM »
The first is a byzantine cross that has a swirling sun above the cross. What exactly does this represent? Also, what do the letters IC XC mean? Also, is there any general background information about the outer shape of the cross or anything significant about it?

The second byzantine cross also looks interesting. What do the swords represent here? Also, the shape is interesting, any significance to that? What do the letters mean on this cross? Also, what about the circle in the middle?
« Last Edit: April 01, 2007, 05:24:11 PM by Nacho »
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Offline Nacho

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Re: What Do These Symbols Represent?
« Reply #1 on: April 01, 2007, 05:26:50 PM »
Here's another interesting one. The double headed eagle that appears on many flags, especially some Eastern European countries. I have heard that it represents when the western & eastern byzantine empire were united along with the Church.
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Offline Simayan

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Re: What Do These Symbols Represent?
« Reply #2 on: April 01, 2007, 05:59:41 PM »
The upper bar of the upper picture refers to the INRI (standing for "Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews) sign that was placed above Christ's head, and the slanted lower bar was the foothold wrenched loose by pain, yet it also signifies how one of the thieves ascended and other descended to Hell.

I've heard the four equal bars signify the Divinity of God (The vertical line) meeting with Mankind (Horizontal line).

ICXC means Christ in Greek, while NIKA means victory. "Christ Victor", in essence.

The swords, I assume, refer to the strength of Christ and his victory over death, and the circle, referring to the Sun, alludes to Jesus as "The Sun of Righteousness." (Not Son, as I once thought it was a misprint in the Liturgical Book :D).  However, neither of those things am I 100% sure of.


The double headed eagle was the symbol of the Empire, which was therefore the symbol of the Church. The two heads referred to looking on either side of the Golden Horn where Constantinople sat, that the Empire had dominance in Europe and Asia.
« Last Edit: April 01, 2007, 06:07:09 PM by Simayan »
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Offline PeterTheAleut

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Re: What Do These Symbols Represent?
« Reply #3 on: April 01, 2007, 06:25:24 PM »
IC XC and NIKA are Greek.

IC = the first and last letters of the Greek name IHCOYC = Iesύs = Jesus
XC = the first and last letters of the Greek name XPICTOC = ChristÏŒs = Christ
NIKA = "conquers" or "is victorious"

Put it all together:  IC XC NIKA = Jesus Christ conquers.
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