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Author Topic: Ethiopian Orthodox  (Read 2308 times) Average Rating: 0
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jarednicholas
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« on: December 21, 2006, 09:06:51 PM »

I was watching something today that mentioned the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and some of the books the consider canonical etc.  I was wondering where the Ethiopian Church was designated. Sorry if this is the wrong place to post this question.

jarednicholas
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Amdetsion
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« Reply #1 on: December 27, 2006, 07:07:23 PM »

I was watching something today that mentioned the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and some of the books the consider canonical etc.  I was wondering where the Ethiopian Church was designated. Sorry if this is the wrong place to post this question.

jarednicholas

What do you mean by "where the Ethiopian Church was designated".

Do you mean where it was established? or Its Holy See  or both?

Or do you mean something else altogether?

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"ETHIOPIA shall soon stretch out her hands unto God".....Psalm 68:vs 31

"Are ye not as children of the ETHIOPIANS unto me, O children of Israel"?....Amos 9: vs 7
Tewahido Deacon
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« Reply #2 on: July 09, 2010, 01:46:33 PM »

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church was officially established in the 4th Century when the Emperor Ezana converted to the Christian faith.  However Christianity existed in Ethiopia long before this event.  The Holy Bible in the Book of Acts tells of the conversion of the Ethiopian Eunoch who was an official of the Ethiopian Queen, by St. Phillip.  Tradition states that the Apostle Matthew is also said to have evangelized Ethiopia, and also the Apostle Bartholemew.  

The man who converted Emperor Ezana, the Syrian born St. Fermentius, was sent by the Emperor to Alexandria to obtain a bishop for the country from the Patriarch there, St. Athenatius.  The Patriarch appointed Fermentius himself, and he returned to Ethiopia as it's first Bishop, Abune Selama, known in Ethiopia with the honorific title of "Kesate Berhan" (Begining of Light).  Thus the Coptic Patriarchate appointed all of Ethiopia's bishops from that time on into the last century.  The bishops of Ethiopia were always Egyptian Copts.  The Ethiopian Church joined the other Oriental Orthodox Churches in refusing to accept the Council of Chalcedon and became one of the non-Chalcedonian Orthodox Churches.

In 1923, the Coptic Church agreed to appoint 5 native Ethiopian born bishops to serve under a Coptic Metropolitan Archbishop of Ethiopia after lengthy negotiations.  Then in 1948 Copitc Pope Yusab II appointed the first native Ethiopian born Archbishop, Abune Basilios to head the Ethiopian Church.  Then after more negotiations, Archbishop Abune Basilios was elevated to the rank of Patriarch Catholicos by Pope Kirillos VI and St. Mark's Cathedral in Cairo in the presence of Emperor Haile Selassie.  The church has been self governing ever since.

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Chruch was the state religion of the Empire of Ethiopia until the overthrow of the monarchy in 1974.  In numbers it is the largest of all the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Churches except for the Orthodox Church of Russia.

There have been five Patriarchs of Ethiopia since the first patriarch was entrhoned in 1959.
Abune Basilios  from 1959 to 1971
Abune Tewophilos from 1971 to 1977 (removed and imprissoned by Marxist regime in 1976 and executed 1977)
Abune Tekle Haimanot 1977 to 1988
Abune Merkorios 1988 to 1991 (abdicated)
Abune Paulos , enthronedn 1991 to present.

This is a greatly shortened history of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church.
« Last Edit: July 09, 2010, 01:56:30 PM by Tewahido Deacon » Logged
Salpy
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« Reply #3 on: July 09, 2010, 02:38:07 PM »

Welcome to the forum!
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Elijah
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« Reply #4 on: July 09, 2010, 04:22:55 PM »

Quote
The Patriarch appointed Fermentius himself, and he returned to Ethiopia as it's first Bishop, Abune Selama, known in Ethiopia with the honorific title of "Kesate Berhan" (Begining of Light).
That actually means 'Bringer of light' (or One who showed the light(Christ) to others)
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Holy Mary, You are the ladder of life. St. Yared
My sons/daughters, come and I will teach you the fear of God. Christ is light.
He watches everything high; He is the king  even over those in the water. Eyob 41:25
Tewahido Deacon
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« Reply #5 on: July 09, 2010, 06:43:18 PM »

Thank you Salpy, and yes, Elijah is correct about "Kesate Birhan"
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